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Non-invasive electrical and magnetic stimulation of the brain, spinal cord, roots and peripheral nerves: Basic principles and procedures for routine clinical and research application. An updated
These guidelines provide an up-date of previous IFCN report on “Non-invasive electrical and magnetic stimulation of the brain, spinal cord and roots: basic principles and procedures for routineExpand
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Dopamine Dependency of Oscillations between Subthalamic Nucleus and Pallidum in Parkinson's Disease
The extent of synchronization within and between the nuclei of the basal ganglia is unknown in Parkinson's disease. The question is an important one because synchronization will increase postsynapticExpand
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Cryptogenic stroke and underlying atrial fibrillation.
BACKGROUND Current guidelines recommend at least 24 hours of electrocardiographic (ECG) monitoring after an ischemic stroke to rule out atrial fibrillation. However, the most effective duration andExpand
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Movement-related changes in synchronization in the human basal ganglia.
There is a wealth of data suggesting that behavioural events are reflected in the basal ganglia through phasic changes in the discharge of individual neurones. Here we investigate whether events areExpand
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Dopamine-dependent changes in the functional connectivity between basal ganglia and cerebral cortex in humans.
We test the hypothesis that interaction between the human basal ganglia and cerebral cortex involves activity in multiple functional circuits characterized by their frequency of oscillation, phaseExpand
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Comparison of descending volleys evoked by transcranial magnetic and electric stimulation in conscious humans.
OBJECTIVES The present experiments were designed to compare the understanding of the transcranial electric and magnetic stimulation of the human motorcortex. METHODS The spinal volleys evoked byExpand
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Patterning of globus pallidus local field potentials differs between Parkinson's disease and dystonia.
Here we test the hypothesis that there are distinct temporal patterns of synchronized neuronal activity in the pallidum that characterize untreated and treated parkinsonism and dystonia. To this endExpand
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Motor cortex hyperexcitability to transcranial magnetic stimulation in Alzheimer’s disease
Objectives: Recent transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) studies demonstrate that motor cortex excitability is increased in Alzheimer’s disease (AD) and that intracortical inhibitory phenomena areExpand
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Noninvasive in vivo assessment of cholinergic cortical circuits in AD using transcranial magnetic stimulation
BackgroundA recently devised test of motor cortex excitability (short latency afferent inhibition) was shown to be sensitive to the blockade of muscarinic acetylcholine receptors in healthy subjects.Expand
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Existing Motor State Is Favored at the Expense of New Movement during 13-35 Hz Oscillatory Synchrony in the Human Corticospinal System
Oscillations in local field potentials in the β-frequency band (13-35 Hz) are a pervasive feature of human and nonhuman primate motor cortical areas. However, the function of such synchronousExpand
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