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Carbon and Other Biogeochemical Cycles
For base year 2010, anthropogenic activities created ~210 (190 to 230) TgN of reactive nitrogen Nr from N2. This human-caused creation of reactive nitrogen in 2010 is at least 2 times larger than theExpand
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Early-warning signals for critical transitions
Complex dynamical systems, ranging from ecosystems to financial markets and the climate, can have tipping points at which a sudden shift to a contrasting dynamical regime may occur. AlthoughExpand
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Climate-carbon cycle feedback analysis: Results from the C
Eleven coupled climate–carbon cycle models used a common protocol to study the coupling between climate change and the carbon cycle. The models were forced by historical emissions and theExpand
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Global response of terrestrial ecosystem structure and function to CO2 and climate change: results from six dynamic global vegetation models
The possible responses of ecosystem processes to rising atmospheric CO2 concentration and climate change are illustrated using six dynamic global vegetation models that explicitly represent theExpand
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The middle Pleistocene transition: characteristics, mechanisms, and implications for long-term changes in atmospheric pCO2
Abstract The emergence of low-frequency, high-amplitude, quasi-periodic (∼100-kyr) glacial variability during the middle Pleistocene in the absence of any significant change in orbital forcingExpand
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Climate and carbon cycle changes from 1850 to 2100 in MPI‐ESM simulations for the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project phase 5
[1] The new Max-Planck-Institute Earth System Model (MPI-ESM) is used in the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project phase 5 (CMIP5) in a series of climate change experiments for either idealizedExpand
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Plant species traits are the predominant control on litter decomposition rates within biomes worldwide.
Worldwide decomposition rates depend both on climate and the legacy of plant functional traits as litter quality. To quantify the degree to which functional differentiation among species affectsExpand
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CLIMBER-2: a climate system model of intermediate complexity. Part I: model description and performance for present climate
Abstract A 2.5-dimensional climate system model of intermediate complexity CLIMBER-2 and its performance for present climate conditions are presented. The model consists of modules describingExpand
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Atmospheric lifetime of fossil-fuel carbon dioxide
CO2 released from combustion of fossil fuels equilibrates among the various carbon reservoirs of the atmosphere, the ocean, and the terrestrial biosphere on timescales of a few centuries. However, aExpand
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Carbon dioxide and climate impulse response functions for the computation of greenhouse gas metrics:a multi-model analysis
Abstract. The responses of carbon dioxide (CO2) and other climate variables to an emission pulse of CO2 into the atmosphere are often used to compute the Global Warming Potential (GWP) and GlobalExpand
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