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Correlating patterned neuronal activity to defined animal behaviors is a core goal in neuroscience. Optogenetics is one large step toward achieving this goal, yet optical methods to control neural activity in behaving rodents have so far been limited to perturbing all light-sensitive neurons in a large volume. Here we demonstrate an all-optical method for(More)
Keywords: Active endoscope Shape memory alloys Minimal invasive surgery Sliding mode control Genetic algorithms a b s t r a c t Actual endoscopes and boroscopes, widely used in industry and in minimal invasive surgery, have considerable limitations, mainly due to their low number of degrees of freedom and their manual operation. Two different solutions for(More)
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