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Study covered 426 miners aged 40-54 years with previously diagnosed occupational respiratory diseases due to dust (246 patients with chronic occupational obstructive bronchitis, 98 with anthracosilicosis and 82 with chronic dust nonobstructive bronchitis). 315 (73.9%) examinees out of 426 with lung diseases due to dust demonstrated chronic cor pulnmonale.… (More)
Cardiorespiratory state in contemporary tantalum production workers was studied according to central hemodynamic parameters and pulmonary ventilation values. Specific changes in these parameters and values depend on conditions and character of work in tantalum production. Preventive measures help to reduce risk of cardiovascular and respiratory diseases.
The article presents data testifying demographic problems in numerous okrugs of the Russian Federation. It is emphasized that in the Siberian federal okrug reside 13.48% of population of Russia. In spite of it younger age (by 1.4 years) and on the assumption of situation of 2011-2012. The life expectancy of males is lower by 2.35±0.01 years as compared with… (More)
Work conditions on open-cast minest of Kuzbass include complex of unfavorable natural climate, mining technical occupational factors (microclimate, industrial noise, vibration, aerosols, toxic chemicals, hardiness and intensity of work). According to those occupational factors, the authors calculated risks of morbidity and safe length of service.
The authors evaluated trends in parameters characterizing health state of able-bodied population, to specify a complex of medical and prophylactic measures aimed at preservation and increase in health state of Siberian Federal District population. The article covers study of medical and biological losses, forecast of medical and demographic parameters of… (More)
In workers employed in the aluminum industry, the main harmful production factor is exposure to fluoride salts, which can cause chronic fluoride intoxication. For the assessment of the impact of chronic fluoride intoxication on the development of atherosclerosis, we conducted a comprehensive survey of 87 aluminum-metal makers with chronic fluoride… (More)
Examination covered 288 coal miners with vibration disease varying in severity grade. Findings were frequent angiodystonic syndrome (97-100%), upper limbs periarthrosis and arthrosis, frequent association with cervical, lumbar and sacral radiculopathy with mutual deterioration.
The authors studied prevalence of atherosclerosis, serum levels of lipids and homocysteine in coal miners suffering from pulmonary dust diseases. More marked hyperlipidemia and hyperhomocysteinemia are associated with combination of atherosclerosis and pulmonary dust diseases. Respiratory failure as a complication of pulmonary dust diseases promotes… (More)
Findings are that coal miners having long contact with vibration instruments and coal dust develop endothelial dysfunction, increased platelets aggregation, hypercoagulation and lower anticoagulation activity. The hemostasis disorders revealed could result in earlier coronary atherosclerosis development in workers exposed to vibration.