Here, we present a draft genome sequence of Bacillus altitudinis strain B-388, including a putative plasmid. The strain was isolated from the intestine of Indian meal moth, a common pest of stored grains, and it is characterized by the production of extracellular RNase, similar to binase, which is of interest for comparative studies and biotechnology.
The biological effects of ribonucleases (RNases), such as the control of the blood vessels growth, the toxicity towards tumour cells and antiviral activity, require a detailed explanation. One of the most intriguing properties of RNases which can contribute to their biological effects is the ability to form dimers, which facilitates efficient RNA hydrolysis… (More)
Immunochemical analysis of the following purified preparations of Bacillus pumilus RNase (binase) was carried out: industrially manufactured enzyme (Institute of Organic Synthesis, Riga, Latvia) and the enzymes isolated from the culture liquid of the native B. pumilus producer and from the Escherichia coli BL21 recombinant strain bearing the pGEMGX1/ent/Bi… (More)
Here, we present a draft genome sequence of Bacillus pumilus strain 3-19. It was derived from soil-isolated B. pumilus 7P using chemical mutagenesis and is characterized by elevated production of extracellular ribonuclease which is known to possess different biological activities with potential of applications in experimental research, medicine, and… (More)
Binase, the RNAse from Bacillus pumilus, is an endonuclease that cleaves the phosphodiester bond between the 3′-guanyl residue and 5′-OH residue of an adjacent nucleotide, with the formation of a corresponding intermediate, 2′,3′-cGMP. Subsequent hydrolysis of 2′,3′-cGMP into a 3′-phosphate is highly specific and proceeds slowly. Thus, a question arises in… (More)
Ribonucleases are considered as promising tools for anticancer treatment due to their selective cytotoxicity against tumor cells. We investigated a new RNase from Bacillus altitudinis termed BALNASE (B. altitudinis RNase). Balnase is a close homolog of the well-known cytotoxic binase, differing by only one amino acid residue: nonpolar hydrophobic alanine at… (More)
The N1/T1 RNase superfamily comprises enzymes with well-established antitumor effects, such as ribotoxins secreted by fungi, primarily by Aspergillus and Penicillium species, and bacterial RNase secreted by B. pumilus (binase) and B. amyloliquefaciens (barnase). RNase is regarded as an alternative to classical chemotherapeutic agents due to its selective… (More)
Extracellular enzymes of intestinal microbiota are the key agents that affect functional activity of the body as they directly interact with epithelial and immune cells. Several species of the Bacillus genus, like Bacillus pumilus, a common producer of extracellular RNase binase, can populate the intestinal microbiome as a colonizing organism. Without… (More)