V V Nayanar

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PURPOSE In adult studies, MRI volumetrics is a proven technique in presurgical assessment of epilepsy. Hippocampal volume loss is maximal in the syndrome of mesial temporal lobe epilepsy. We aimed (a) to validate this methodology in a pediatric outpatient epilepsy population (b) to determine the relationship of hippocampal asymmetry (HA) to epileptic(More)
Five children with ventricular dilatation (4 boys, 1 girl) had features seen on computer tomographic scan that were consistent with suprasellar arachnoid cysts. All children were investigated with a CT ventriculogram and/or CT cisternogram, and no communication with the cyst was demonstrated. Three children were seen in the 1st year of life and the(More)
The skeletal changes in 19 very low birthweight infants (less than 1500 g) were observed from birth to 10 weeks, by means of clinical, biochemical, and radiological techniques. All infants were receiving a supplement of 800 IU vitamin D a day from age 2 weeks. None of the infants showed any specific physical sign of rickets during the period of study. Six(More)
1. Currently available pharmacological therapies treat arthritis inadequately. We have previously found that the kappa (kappa)-opioid, U-50,488H (trans-(+/-)- 3,4-dichloro-N-methyl-N-[2-(1-pyrrolidinyl) cyclohexyl]- benzene-acetamide methane sulphonate), possesses anti-arthritic effects. In light of the finding that opioid receptors in the periphery are(More)
Young children with malignant brain tumours have particularly poor survival and manifest severe sequelae of radiation therapy. A multi-institutional pilot study of post-operative primary chemotherapy for children under 3 years with primitive neuroectodermal tumours (PNET) or ependymoma was initiated in 1987. The chemotherapy protocol comprised carboplatin,(More)
A 2-day-old infant with lethargy and hypoventilation had pachygyria and agenesis of the corpus callosum on CT scan. Increased concentrations of glycine in plasma and CSF, together with an increased CSF/plasma ratio, confirmed a clinical diagnosis of non-ketotic hyperglycinaemia. This is the first report of pachygyria in this disorder, although agenesis of(More)
The diagnosis of chondrosarcoma may be difficult if there is an atypical radiographic appearance or an inconclusive biopsy. Radionuclide bone scans of 13 patients with chondrosarcoma were reviewed to assess if a pattern of scan features could be recognised in association with this tumour. A combination, including increased blood pool activity, moderate(More)
Ten cases of primary bone tumours in infants (1 osteosarcoma, 3 Ewing's sarcoma, 1 chondroblastoma and 5 angiomatosis) are reported. All cases of angiomatosis showed characteristic radiographic findings. In all the other tumours the X-ray appearances were different from those usually seen in older children and adolescents. In the authors' opinion the(More)