V V Kupriyanov

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The aim of this work was to investigate whether 1) Rb uptake is reduced in ischemic myocardium, and 2) 87Rb three-dimensional (3D) imaging can detect the ischemic area. Hearts of domestic pigs (n = 8, 20-30 kg) were perfused retrogradely with Krebs-Henseleit buffer in a 7-T, 40-cm horizontal bore magnet interfaced with Bruker MSLX spectrometer. Control (C)(More)
The aim of the study was to compare and analyze different noninvasive indices of cell damage in the isolated pig heart model of regional ischemia. We used (23)Na and (87)Rb MR imaging to evaluate Na(+)/K(+) balance, (31)P MR spectroscopy to measure energetics, and optical spectroscopy to assess oxymyoglobin (MbO(2)). Hearts were subjected to 120-min(More)
87Rb-MRI was used to measure Rb(+) uptake in blood-perfused pig hearts during complete occlusion (120 and 70 min) of the left anterior descending artery (LAD) and subsequent reperfusion (120 and 170 min). The Rb(+) uptake rate and maximal Rb image intensity during 120-min occlusion were significantly lower in the ischemic anterior left ventricular (LV) wall(More)
K(+) uptake rates were measured in the anterior (An) and posterior (Pos) LV walls of pig hearts before and after regional ischemia and reperfusion using Rb(+) as a K(+) congener and 3D (87)Rb NMR imaging and spectroscopy as detection methods. The hearts were perfused by the Langendorff method with Krebs-Henseleit (KH) buffer and loaded with Rb(+) (4.7 mM,(More)
It was previously shown that the adrenergic agonist dobutamine stimulates Rb(+) uptake in isolated pig hearts. In the present work we examined whether dobutamine can increase Rb(+) uptake rate in vivo. Open-chest domestic pigs (N = 14) were used under general anesthesia. The surface coil was placed against the anterior left ventricular wall to obtain (87)Rb(More)
The role of adrenergic stimulation in Rb(+) uptake in normal and ischemic areas of pig hearts was investigated using an agonist (dobutamine) and an antagonist (S-propranolol). The left anterior descending artery (LAD) in isolated pig hearts was cannulated to maintain adequate perfusion of the LAD bed (2.2-2.8 ml/min/g). Rb(+) loading was initiated by(More)
In this work the roles of coronary flow (CF) and metabolism in Rb(+) (K(+) congener) uptake were studied. In isolated pig hearts the left anterior descending artery (LAD) was cannulated to maintain adequate perfusion of the LAD bed. Rb(+) loading was initiated and the LAD flow was either completely stopped (no flow (NF)) or reduced to 12% (low flow (LF)),(More)
87Rb MR imaging and spectroscopy were used to study the effects of ischemia on the properties of K(+) in cardiac tissue. Isolated pig and rat hearts perfused by the Langendorff method with Krebs-Henseleit buffer were preloaded with Rb(+). Ischemia (Isc) was induced by 120-min occlusion of the left anterior descending artery in the pig hearts or by stopping(More)
The rubidium efflux from hypothermic rat hearts perfused by the Langendorff method at 20 degreesC was studied. At this temperature 87Rb-NMR efflux experiments showed the existence of two 87Rb pools: cytoplasmic and mitochondrial. Rat heart mitochondria showed a very slow exchange of mitochondrial Rb+ for cytoplasmic K+. After washout of cytosolic Rb+,(More)