V. V. Khalaman

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Patterns of long-term changes in fouling communities developing on artificial substrates in the White Sea are reviewed. The most significant shifts occurring in these communities are caused by biological successions that can last for several decades. Terminal stages of succession are the communities of a mussel Mytilus edulis or a solitary ascidian Styela(More)
The ability of the sponge Halichondria panicea to assimilate into the fouling communities of the blue mussel Mytilus edulis and the solitary ascidian Styela rustica has been studied in a field experiment, in which sponge fragments have been introduced artificially into epibenthic communities. The growth of H. panicea was suppressed greatly in the presence(More)
The impacts of different concentrations of the excretory-secretory products (ESPs) of the solitary ascidian Styela rustica (Linnaeus, 1767) and the sponge Halichondria panacea (Pallas, 1766) on the settlement, metamorphosis, and mortality rates of H. panacea larvae were studied in a laboratory experiment. At high concentrations, substances released into the(More)
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