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Helminthic infections continue to be the major health hazard to the people, especially those living in tropical developing countries. Although these infections do not cause significant morbidity and mortality when compared with many other parasitic infections, they do cause substantial, but often less measurable effects. For example, infections with(More)
Order Cyclophyllidea (of cestode platyhelminths) has a rich diversity of parasites and includes many families and species that are known to cause serious medical condition in humans and domestic and wild animals. Despite various attempts to resolve phylogenetic relationships at the inter-family level, uncertainty remains. In order to add resolution to the(More)
Among helminth parasites, Paragonimus (zoonotic lung fluke) gains considerable importance from veterinary and medical points of view because of its diversified effect on its host. Nearly fifty species of Paragonimus have been described across the globe. It is estimated that more than 20 million people are infected worldwide and the best known species is(More)
The tegumental surface of Artyfechinostomum sufrartyfex as viewed under the scanning electron microscope revealed the presence of double rows of spines in the collar. The dorsal surface (6-8 rows) and the ventral surface are provided with posteriorly directed spines. The normal body surface of Fasciolopsis buski shows posteriorly directed scales throughout(More)
Helminths include both parasitic nematodes (roundworms) and platyhelminths (trematode and cestode flatworms) that are abundant, and are of clinical importance. The genetic characterization of parasitic flatworms using advanced molecular tools is central to the diagnosis and control of infections. Although the nuclear genome houses suitable genetic markers(More)
Glioblastoma multiforme is one of the commonest primary malignant tumours of the brain with rare incidence of extracranial metastases. Systemic dissemination via the CSF or CSF diversionary shunt procedures is also rare. The reported 9-year-old child was a case of thalamic glioblastoma with hydrocephalus who underwent biventriculoperitoneal shunting before(More)
On the basis of esterase localization the complete nervous system has been visualized in Olveria indica Thapar & Simha, 1945, a paramphistome from the rumen of cattle, recorded for the first time from the north-east region of India. The basic number of posterior longitudinal nerves (i.e., 3 pairs) is the same as in other paramphistomes; four pairs of(More)
Most phylogenetic studies using current methods have focused on primary DNA sequence information. However, RNA secondary structures are particularly useful in systematics because they include characteristics that give "morphological" information which is not found in the primary sequence. Also DNA sequence motifs from the internal transcribed spacer (ITS)(More)
Typically, NC programmers generate tool paths for end milling using a computer-aided process planner but manually schedule " conservative " cutting conditions. In this paper, a new evolutionary computation technique, particle swarm optimization (PSO), is proposed and implemented to efficiently and robustly optimize multiple machining parameters(More)