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Analysis of mitochondrial function is central to the study of intracellular energy metabolism, mechanisms of cell death and pathophysiology of a variety of human diseases, including myopathies, neurodegenerative diseases and cancer. However, important properties of mitochondria differ in vivo and in vitro. Here, we describe a protocol for the analysis of(More)
The published experimental data and existing concepts of cellular regulation of respiration are analyzed. Conventional, simplified considerations of regulatory mechanism by cytoplasmic ADP according to Michaelis-Menten kinetics or by derived parameters such as phosphate potential etc. do not explain relationships between oxygen consumption, workload and(More)
The kinetics of regulation of mitochondrial respiration by endogenous and exogenous ADP in muscle cells in situ was studied in skinned cardiac and skeletal muscle fibres. Endogenous ADP production was initiated by addition of MgATP; under these conditions the respiration rate and ADP concentration in the medium were dependent on the calcium concentration,(More)
The kinetics of in vivo regulation of mitochondrial respiration by ADP was studied in rat heart, slow-twitch skeletal muscle (soleus) and fast-twitch skeletal muscle (gastrocnemius, plantaris, quadriceps and tibialis anterior) by means of saponin-skinned fibres. Mitochondrial respiratory parameters were determined in the absence and presence of creatine (20(More)
The purpose of this study is to investigate theoretically which intracellular factors may be important for regulation of mitochondrial respiration in working heart cells in vivo. We have developed a model that describes quantitatively the published experimental data on dependence of the rate of oxygen consumption and metabolic state of working isolated(More)
Regulation of mitochondrial respiration in situ in the muscle cells was studied by using fully permeabilized muscle fibers and cardiomyocytes. The results show that the kinetics of regulation of mitochondrial respiration in situ by exogenous ADP are very different from the kinetics of its regulation by endogenous ADP. In cardiac and m. soleus fibers(More)
Respiratory parameters of cardiac mitochondria were determined in the bundles of cardiac fibers skinned by using saponin that specifically removed sarcolemma, but left intracellular structures intact. In the assay medium which simulated the ion composition of cardiac cytoplasm maximal value of state 3 oxygen consumption per mol cytochromes aa3 was close to(More)
Relative diffusivities of ADP and creatine in cardiomyocytes were studied. The isolated rat cardiomyocytes were lysed with saponin (40 micrograms/ml) to perforate or completely disrupt sarcolemma that was evidenced by leakage of 80-100% lactate dehydrogenase. In these cardiomyocytes mitochondria were used as 'enzymatic probes' to determine the average local(More)
The current problems of regulation of myocardial energy metabolism and oxidative phosphorylation in vivo are considered. With this purpose, retarded diffusion of ADP in cardiomyocytes was studied by analysis of elevated apparent Km for this substrate in regulation of respiration of saponin-skinned cardiac fibers, as compared to isolated mitochondria.(More)
Regulation of mitochondrial outer membrane (MOM) permeability has dual importance: in normal metabolite and energy exchange between mitochondria and cytoplasm and thus in control of respiration, and in apoptosis by release of apoptogenic factors into the cytosol. However, the mechanism of this regulation, dependent on the voltage-dependent anion channel(More)