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Analysis of mitochondrial function is central to the study of intracellular energy metabolism, mechanisms of cell death and pathophysiology of a variety of human diseases, including myopathies, neurodegenerative diseases and cancer. However, important properties of mitochondria differ in vivo and in vitro. Here, we describe a protocol for the analysis of(More)
Relative diffusivities of ADP and creatine in cardiomyocytes were studied. The isolated rat cardiomyocytes were lysed with saponin (40 micrograms/ml) to perforate or completely disrupt sarcolemma that was evidenced by leakage of 80-100% lactate dehydrogenase. In these cardiomyocytes mitochondria were used as 'enzymatic probes' to determine the average local(More)
To define more clearly the interactions between mitochondrial creatine kinase and the adenine nucleotide translocase, the outer membrane of rat heart mitochondria was removed by digitonin, producing an inner membrane-matrix (mitoplast) preparation. This mitoplast fracton was well-coupled and contained a high specific activity of mitochondrial creatine(More)
In this chapter we describe in details the permeabilized cell and skinned fiber techniques and their applications for studies of mitochondrial function in vivo. The experience of more than 10 years of research in four countries is summarized. The use of saponin in very low concentration (50-100 microg/ml) for permeabilisation of the sarcolemma leaves all(More)
The fundamental principle of cardiac behaviour is described by the Frank-Starling law relating force of contraction during systole with end-diastolic volume. While both work and respiration rates increase linearly with imposed load, the basis of mechano-energetic coupling in heart muscle has remained a long-standing enigma. Here, we highlight advances made(More)
The kinetics of in vivo regulation of mitochondrial respiration by ADP was studied in rat heart, slow-twitch skeletal muscle (soleus) and fast-twitch skeletal muscle (gastrocnemius, plantaris, quadriceps and tibialis anterior) by means of saponin-skinned fibres. Mitochondrial respiratory parameters were determined in the absence and presence of creatine (20(More)
Chemically skinned (by treatment with saponin, 40 micrograms/ml) isolated cardiomyocytes were used to study the intracellular diffusion of ADP and creatine (Cr). Stimulation of respiration was studied in these cardiomyocytes without intact sarcolemma and in isolated heart mitochondrial by addition of ADP and Cr in the presence of 0.2 mM ATP (via(More)
Regulation of mitochondrial outer membrane (MOM) permeability has dual importance: in normal metabolite and energy exchange between mitochondria and cytoplasm and thus in control of respiration, and in apoptosis by release of apoptogenic factors into the cytosol. However, the mechanism of this regulation, dependent on the voltage-dependent anion channel(More)
Possible reasons for retarded intracellular diffusion of ADP were investigated. The isolated skinned cardiac fibers were used to study apparent kinetic parameters for externally added ADP in control of mitochondrial respiration. Participation of myosin-ATPase in binding of ADP within cells as it was supposed earlier (Saks, V.A., Belikova, Yu.O. and(More)
The kinetics of regulation of mitochondrial respiration by endogenous and exogenous ADP in muscle cells in situ was studied in skinned cardiac and skeletal muscle fibres. Endogenous ADP production was initiated by addition of MgATP; under these conditions the respiration rate and ADP concentration in the medium were dependent on the calcium concentration,(More)