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Directional hearing in dolphins and man was studied by measuring thresholds of detection of signals in noise relative to angle of incidence of interference. The data obtained, evidence of the presence of definite spatial directionality of the hearing system of the dolphin, is expressed in a sharp improvement of thresholds of detection of signals in noise… (More)
Masked tonal thresholds by noise in the bottlenose dolphin have been measured as a function of angle of noise direction. Sharp directional selectivity of hearing has been discovered resulting in an abrupt decrease of noise masking with the increase of the angle of noise coming. It has been shown that narrow directional characteristics of hearing is an angle… (More)
The paper presents data on the directional selectivity of hearing in the bottlenose dolphin as a function of masking noise angle. It has been shown that the hearing system of dolphins is characterised by sharp lowering of masked thresholds depending on the noise going in the high frequency region. The same effect is shown in man, but not so evidently.
Under study were morphological changes in the gastric mucosa in 40 patients with the syndrome of abdominal ischemia due to a varying degree of stenosis of the celiac artery, and in 8 patients without any changes in the celiac artery. In 10 cases the mucous membrane was studied histoenzymologically. In a marked stenosis of the celiac artery there was… (More)
Studies have been made on the capacity of persons from various age groups to reproduce the frequency of the given sonic sequence vocally or by hand. It was shown that each age group has its own optimal frequency band. The younger a person, the more narrow the zone of optimal reproduction of rhythm and the upper frequency of the reproduced rhythm. The… (More)
Experience in the treatment of 218 patients with compression stenosis of the celiac trunk is generalized. The clinical symptoms and the angiographic semiotics of the disease are described in detail. Active surgical tactics is substantiated and the results of operations are studied.