V P M G Rutten

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Paratuberculosis is an infectious disease that is not easily amenable to classical control methods such as treatment and vaccination. Experimental animal models suggest that there could be genetic factors responsible for susceptibility or resistance to infection with the causative agent, Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis. The aim of this study was(More)
The genetic diversity among South African Mycobacterium bovis isolates from cattle was determined by genetic fingerprinting. The restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) markers IS6110 and polymorphic GC-rich sequence (PGRS) as well as spoligotyping and determination of variable number of tandem repeats (VNTR) were used to characterize sub samples of(More)
Helminths and their products can suppress the host immune response which may benefit parasite survival. Trichinella spiralis can establish chronic infections in a wide range of mammalian hosts including humans and mice. Here, we aim at studying the effect of T. spiralis muscle larvae excretory/secretory products (TspES) on the functionality of DC and T cell(More)
BACKGROUND Modulation of the host immune response by helminths has been reported to be essential for parasite survival and also to benefit the host by suppressing inflammatory diseases such as allergies. We have previously shown that excretory-secretory products of Trichinella spiralis muscle larvae have immunomodulatory properties and induce in vitro the(More)
Infection of humans and dogs by Leishmania infantum may result in visceral leishmaniasis, which is characterized by impaired T-cell-mediated immune responses to parasite antigens. Dogs are natural hosts of Leishmania parasites and play an important role in the transmission of the parasites to humans. In an effort to characterize the immune response in dogs(More)
Lymphocyte stimulation with Con A and specific immune reactivity to BCG (antibody formation to BCG and DTH reaction to PPD) were determined in BCG-treated, surgically treated and untreated cows with ocular squamous cell carcinoma. In tumor-bearing cows the Con A-induced proliferation of lymphocytes was reduced when compared to healthy controls. This(More)
Regulatory T cells (Treg) are regarded essential components for maintenance of immune homeostasis. Especially CD4(+)CD25(high) T cells are considered to be important regulators of immune reactivity. In humans and rodents these natural Treg are characterized by their anergic nature, defined as a non-proliferative state, suppressive function and expression of(More)
Further characterization of the canine immune system will greatly benefit from the availability of tools to detect canine cytokines. Our interest concerns the study on the role of cytokines in canine visceral leishmaniasis. For this purpose, we have designed specific primers using previously published sequences for the detection of canine IL-2, IFN-gamma(More)
Tissue-specific distribution of gammadelta TCRs with limited TCR diversity is a common phenomenon in species with a low percentage of gammadelta T cells like humans and mice. We set out to investigate whether this is also the case in cattle (Bos taurus), a species with high percentages of gammadelta T cells. Using a method that was independent of variable(More)
We have previously shown that resistance to Leishmania infantum in dogs is associated with a Th1 type of immune response. In this study, we use a canine macrophage cell line (030-D) that can readily be infected with this protozoan parasite. Our aim is to further characterize the effector mechanisms involved in killing of Leishmania parasite in dogs. We(More)