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BACKGROUND The mechanisms responsible for disturbed iron homoeostasis in hereditary haemochromatosis are poorly understood. However, results of some studies indicate a link between hepcidin, a liver-derived peptide, and intestinal iron absorption, suggesting that this molecule could play a part in hepatic iron overload. To investigate this possible(More)
Hemochromatosis is a common disorder characterized by excess iron absorption and accumulation of iron in tissues. Usually hemochromatosis is inherited in an autosomal recessive pattern and is caused by mutations in the HFE gene. Less common non-HFE-related forms of hemochromatosis have been reported and are caused by mutations in the transferrin receptor 2(More)
UNLABELLED To identify polymorphisms associated with variability of iron overload severity in HFE-associated hemochromatosis, we performed exome sequencing of DNA from 35 male HFE C282Y homozygotes with either markedly increased iron stores (n = 22; cases) or with normal or mildly increased iron stores (n = 13; controls). The 35 participants, residents of(More)
Hereditary hemochromatosis is characterized by tissue iron loading and associated organ damage. However, the phenotype can be highly variable. The relationship between iron loading of different organs and the temporal nature of its deposition is still not well understood. We examined the progression of tissue iron loading in three mouse models to advance(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Transferrin receptor 2 (TfR2) plays a key role in the regulation of iron metabolism. Mutations of TfR2 in humans cause type 3 hereditary hemochromatosis. Although highly expressed in liver, several studies have reported TfR2 expression in other tissues. To determine the contribution of liver expressed TfR2 in iron homeostasis, we have(More)
Iron, an essential nutrient, is required for many diverse biological processes. The absence of a defined pathway to excrete excess iron makes it essential for the body to regulate the amount of iron absorbed; a deficiency could lead to iron deficiency and an excess to iron overload and associated disorders such as anaemia and haemochromatosis respectively.(More)
BACKGROUND Hemochromatosis in white subjects is mostly due to homozygosity for the common C282Y substitution in HFE. Although clinical symptoms are preventable by early detection of the genetic predisposition and prophylactic treatment, population screening is not currently advocated because of the discrepancy between the common mutation prevalence and(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Hepcidin is a liver-expressed peptide which plays an important role in the regulation of iron metabolism. It is a negative regulator of iron absorption and release of iron from cells. The aims of this study were to analyse the expression and localisation of prohepcidin in liver and cell lines. METHODS We generated antibodies against(More)
Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress is an important pathogenic mechanism for alcoholic (ALD) and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Iron overload is an important cofactor for liver injury in ALD and NAFLD, but its role in ER stress and associated stress signaling pathways is unclear. To investigate this, we developed a murine model of combined liver(More)
The HFE protein plays a crucial role in the control of cellular iron homeostasis. Steatosis is commonly observed in HFE-related iron-overload disorders, and current evidence suggests a causal link between iron and steatosis. Here, we investigated the potential contribution of HFE mutations to hepatic lipid metabolism and its role in the pathogenesis of(More)