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The transition from normal epithelium to adenoma and, to invasive carcinoma in the human colon is associated with acquired molecular events taking 5-10 years for malignant transformation. We discovered CCAT1, a non-coding RNA over-expressed in colon cancer (CC), but not in normal tissues, thereby making it a potential disease-specific biomarker. We aimed to(More)
BACKGROUND Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been shown to have functional roles in cancer biology and are dys-regulated in many tumors. Colon Cancer Associated Transcript -1 (CCAT1) is a lncRNA, previously shown to be significantly up-regulated in colon cancer. The aim of this study is to determine expression levels of CCAT1 in gastric carcinoma (GC). (More)
Cigarette smoking is a complex behavior to which environmental, psychological, and genetic factors contribute. Applying a multifactorial model, we examined the role of genetic variation in the dopamine transporter (DAT1) in smoking initiation (SI) and nicotine dependence. The participants were female college students who had never smoked (n = 148) or had(More)
The results of the whole-exome DNA sequencing of eight prostate adenocarcinoma patients are presented. DNA was isolated from the peripheral blood as well as healthy and tumor prostate tissue from each patient. Bioinformatics analysis was conducted and the most significant mutations in prostate cancer patients were revealed. The obtained data could be(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) act as key post-transcriptional regulators of gene expression. This review examines current advances in the study of the role of miRNAs in cancer, including prostate cancer. Issues devoted to the nomenclature, biogenesis, the role of miRNAs as oncogenes and tumor suppressors, and their role in the diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis of(More)
We examined the associations between the polymorphic alleles of the DNA repair genes XRCC1 (c.839G>A, rs25489; and c.1196A>G, rs25487), XPA (c.-4A>G, rs1800975), and XPD (c.2251A>C, rs13181) and the progression and severity of neoplasias in the urinary bladder and kidney in patients of three distinct ethnic groups, Bashkir, Russians, and Tatar, residing in(More)
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