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BACKGROUND Faecal concentrations of the protein calprotectin have been found to be elevated in patients with colorectal neoplasia, suggesting that it might be used as a screening tool for colorectal cancer as well as adenomas. AIMS To measure the sensitivity and specificity of faecal calprotectin for the detection of adenomas in high risk individuals(More)
Radiolabelled affinity-purified antibody to carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) was injected i.v. into immune-suppressed mice carrying xenografts of human breast carcinoma. Its distribution in the tumours was examined by a combination of immunocytochemistry and autoradiography. The antibody interacted predominantly with the CEA in the extracellular tumour space,(More)
Affinity-purified antibodies to carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) have been injected into immune-suppressed mice bearing xenografts of human breast tumours. It has been shown that the antibodies localized in the tumours but not in normal tissues. The degree of tumour localization correlates with the amount of tumour CEA, and is unaffected by levels of(More)
A mouse monoclonal antibody (LICR-LON/HT13) has been developed to a cell-surface antigen carried on a human germ-cell tumour xenograft (HX39). After radioiodination, the antibody localized in vivo preferentially in xenografted tumours as opposed to normal mouse tissue, whereas tumor uptake did not occur with normal mouse IgG or nonspecific monoclonal IgG.(More)
Immune-suppressed mice carrying xenografts of several different types of human germ-cell tumours were injected with a radiolabelled monoclonal antibody (LICR LON/HT13) raised against membrane components of a human germ-cell tumour (HX39). Subsequent assessment of radioactivity in excised organs and tumours showed a selective accretion of antibody in the(More)
The use of monoclonal antibodies which can be raised to antigens of choice offers a selective and specific approach for the detection of tumours both in vivo and at a cellular level in biopsy specimens. We demonstrate that a monoclonal antibody raised to human teratoma will localise in a teratoma, growing as a xenograft in immune-suppressed mice.
A dual radionuclide subtraction technique for external detection of tumours has been evaluated to determine the viability of the method for use with radioisotope labelled antibodies. A number of external scintigraphic investigations have been carried out with 131I-labelled antibodies to carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA). The investigations were performed on(More)