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To standardize CYP2D6 allele nomenclature, and to conform with international human gene nomenclature guidelines, an alternative to the current arbitrary system is described. Based on recommendations for human genome nomenclature, we propose that alleles be designated by CYP2D6 followed by an asterisk and a combination of roman letters and arabic numerals(More)
There is evidence of a hereditary component in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). A number of genetic association studies have been performed to find susceptibility genes of COPD. The current authors performed a case-control, genetic-association study and a meta-analysis of 16 studies, involving seven polymorphisms in three well-studied genes:(More)
BACKGROUND Tamoxifen is hydroxylated by cytochrome P450 (CYP) 2D6 to the potent metabolites 4-hydroxytamoxifen (4OHtam) and 4-hydroxy-N-demethyltamoxifen (4OHNDtam), which are both conjugated by sulphotransferase (SULT)1A1. Clinical studies indicate that CYP2D6 and SULT1A1 genotypes are predictors for treatment response to tamoxifen. Therefore, we examined(More)
Several studies have reported on structural abnormalities, decreased myelination and oligodendrocyte dysfunction in post-mortem brains from schizophrenic patients. Glia-derived cholesterol is essential for both myelination and synaptogenesis in the CNS. Lipogenesis and myelin synthesis are thus interesting etiological candidate targets in schizophrenia.(More)
Ultrarapid drug metabolism mediated by CYP2D6 is associated with inheritance of alleles with duplicated or amplified functional CYP2D6 genes. However, genotyping for duplicated CYP2D6 alleles only explains a fraction (10-30%) of the ultrarapid metabolizer phenotypes observed in Caucasian populations. Using a sample of CYP2D6 duplication-negative ultrarapid(More)
The cytochrome P450 enzyme debrisoquine 4-hydroxylase metabolizes many different classes of commonly used drugs, such as antidepressants and neuroleptics. Deficient hydroxylation of debrisoquine, known as the poor metabolizer (PM) phenotype, affects 5-10% of Caucasians and may lead to adverse reactions upon administration of drugs in standard doses. This(More)
Schizophrenia is a serious psychiatric illness with a life-time risk of approximately one percent. Many of the patients, but not all, benefit from treatment with anti-psychotic drugs known to block dopamine D2-like receptors. The use of conventional neuroleptics is, however, hampered by the risk of extrapyramidal side-effects. Tardive dyskinesia (TD) is(More)
Citation for published version: Davies, G, Armstrong, N, Bis, JC, Bressler, J, Chouraki, V, Giddaluru, S, Hofer, E, Ibrahim-Verbaas, CA, Kirin, M, Lahti, J, van der Lee, SJ, Le Hellard, S, Liu, T, Marioni, RE, Oldmeadow, C, Postmus, I, Smith, AV, Smith, JA, Thalamuthu, A, Thomson, R, Vitart, V, Wang, J, Yu, L, Zgaga, L, Zhao, W, Boxall, R, Harris, SE, Hill,(More)
Gene expression in adult neuronal circuits is dynamically modulated in response to synaptic activity. Persistent changes in synaptic strength, as seen during high-frequency stimulation (HFS)-induced long-term potentiation (LTP), require new gene expression. While modulation of many individual genes has been shown, an understanding of LTP as a complex(More)
General cognitive function is substantially heritable across the human life course from adolescence to old age. We investigated the genetic contribution to variation in this important, health- and well-being-related trait in middle-aged and older adults. We conducted a meta-analysis of genome-wide association studies of 31 cohorts (N=53 949) in which the(More)