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Cadherins are calcium-dependent cell-cell adhesion molecules that require the interaction of the cytoplasmic tail with the actin cytoskeleton for adhesive activity. Because of the functional relationship between cadherin receptors and actin filament organization, we investigated whether members of the Rho family of small GTPases are necessary for cadherin(More)
The ability of epithelial cells to polarize requires cell-cell adhesion mediated by cadherin receptors. During cell-cell contact, the mechanism via which a flat, spread cell shape is changed into a tall, cuboidal epithelial morphology is not known. We found that cadherin-dependent adhesion modulates actin dynamics by triggering changes in actin organization(More)
Cadherins are cell-cell adhesion receptors whose adhesive function requires their association with the actin cytoskeleton via proteins called catenins. The small guanosine triphosphatases (GTPases), Rho and Rac, are intracellular proteins that regulate the formation of distinct actin structures in different cell types. In keratinocytes and in other(More)
The Muc-1 mucin is found as a transmembrane protein in the apical surface of glandular epithelia. To provide insight into possible functions, we have assessed the timing of expression and the distribution of the Muc-1 protein during mouse embryogenesis using three different techniques: RT-PCR, northern blots and immunohistochemistry. Our results indicate(More)
In epithelial tissues, cells are linked to their neighbors through specialized cell-cell adhesion proteins. E-cadherin is one of the most important membrane proteins for the establishment of intimate cell-cell contacts, but the molecular mechanism by which it is recruited to contact sites is largely unknown. We report here that the cytoplasmic domain of(More)
Signalling pathways activated by Rho small GTPases have recently been identified that coordinate junction assembly, stability and function, as well as interactions of adhesive complexes with the underlying cortical cytoskeleton. Particularly exciting is the interplay between adherens junctions, activation of Rho proteins and the dynamics of microtubule,(More)
To achieve strong adhesion to their neighbors and sustain stress and tension, epithelial cells develop many different specialized adhesive structures. Breakdown of these structures occurs during tumor progression, with the development of a fibroblastic morphology characteristic of metastatic cells. During Ras transformation, Rac-signaling pathways(More)
Previously published reports support the concept that, besides promoting homotypic intercellular adhesion, cadherins may transfer intracellular signals. However, the signaling pathways triggered by cadherin clustering and their biological significance are still poorly understood. We report herein that transfection of VE-cadherin (VEC) cDNA in VEC null(More)
BACKGROUND Cell-cell adhesion and intracellular trafficking are regulated by signaling pathways from small GTPases of the Rho, Arf, and Rab subfamilies. How signaling from distinct small GTPases are integrated in a given process is poorly understood. RESULTS We find that a TBC/RabGAP protein, Armus, integrates signaling between Arf6, Rac1, and Rab7 during(More)