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Fifty-four subjects were studied: 36 advanced prostatic adenocarcinoma patients in stage D and 18 normal age-matched male controls. Serum alkaline phosphatase, serum acid phosphatase, plasma osteocalcin, 24-h urinary hydroxyproline excretion, and 24-h whole-body retention of [99mTc]-methylene diphosphonate were measured in all subjects before and 3, 6, and(More)
The development of bone metastases in cancer can be monitored easily using three markers: 24 h urinary hydroxyproline excretion (HOP) (an index of osteoclastic activity), serum alkaline phosphatase (Alk.Ph.) (an index of osteoblastic activity) and 24 h whole body retention of 99mTc-methylene diphosphonate (WBR%) (an index of bone turnover). To evaluate the(More)
Histamine and H1 antagonists inhibit the proliferation and natural killer activity of peripheral blood mononuclear cells, which express large numbers of H1 receptors. This study examined the presence of H1 receptors and the effects of histamine, H1 antagonists (pyrilamine and diphenhydramine), and H2 antagonists (cimetidine and ranitidine) on human(More)
BACKGROUND A broad range of gemcitabine dosages have been used in dogs. HYPOTHESIS/OBJECTIVES To determine maximally tolerated dose (MTD), dose-limiting toxicity (DLT), and preliminary antitumor activity of intravenous administration of gemcitabine in dogs with advanced solid tumors. ANIMALS Twenty-two client-owned dogs. METHODS Dogs with advanced(More)
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