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This study was undertaken to examine if glutathione S-transferase (GST) M1, M3, P1, and T1 genotypes affected breast cancer risk in Finnish women. The study population consisted of 483 incident breast cancer cases and 482 healthy population controls. Genotyping analyses were performed by PCR-based methods, and odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals(More)
Superoxide dismutases play a key role in the detoxification of superoxide radicals and thus protect cells from damage induced by free radicals. Within mitochondria manganese superoxide dismutase (MnSOD) provides a major defence against oxidative damage by reactive oxygen species. Polymorphism in the mitochondrial targeting sequence of MnSOD has recently(More)
The potential role of the polymorphism in the CYP17 gene was evaluated in a case-control study with 483 incident breast cancer patients and 482 population controls, all of homogenous Finnish origin. Our data disagree with the earlier suggestions that the minor A2 variant of CYP17 would pose an increased risk for developing advanced breast cancer. In(More)
Hyaluronan (HA) is an extracellular matrix polysaccharide that promotes cell migration through its cell surface receptors and by effecting changes in the physical environment. HA expression is frequently increased in malignant tumors, whereas its association with the invasive potential and patient outcome in breast cancer has not been reported. The(More)
Apoptotic cells were quantitated by light microscopy in a series of 288 breast carcinomas, and their number (cells/mm2 of neoplastic epithelium, i.e., the apoptotic index, AI) was related to various histopathological features and disease outcome. High AI was associated with tumour necrosis (P = 0.003), lack of tubule formation (P = 0.03), dense stromal(More)
Several malignant tumors accumulate hyaluronan, a matrix component suggested to promote cancer cell migration and growth. To explore the potential clinical importance of this concept, we assessed the hyaluronan levels in epithelial ovarian cancer. A biotinylated affinity probe specific for hyaluronan was prepared and applied to histological sections of 309(More)
Clinical follow-up data of 276 colorectal adenocarcinoma patients treated in Kuopio University Hospital between 1976 and 1986 and followed up for a mean of 14 years were analysed. The clinical findings were correlated with tumour-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) and with histological and quantitative factors including nuclear parameters and volume-corrected(More)
Prediction of the clinical outcome of breast cancer is multi-faceted and challenging. There is growing evidence that the complexity of the tumour micro-environment, consisting of several cell types and a complex mixture of proteins, plays an important role in development, progression, and response to therapy. In the current study, we investigated whether(More)
BACKGROUND The pharyngocutaneous fistula is troublesome complication after total laryngectomy. Despite a large number of studies, there is still disagreement on factors predisposing to this complication. METHODS A retrospective analysis of pharyngocutaneous fistulas in 133 patients in whom total laryngectomy was performed. RESULTS Fistulas were found in(More)
Germline mutations of the putative tumor suppressor gene APC are associated in high frequency with the familial adenomatous polyposis, predisposing the patients to colorectal neoplasia. Similarly, sequence analyses have revealed that in more than half of patients with sporadic colorectal carcinoma or adenoma, the APC gene was mutated. By employing genomic(More)