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When grown for energy production instead for smoking, tobacco can generate a large amount of inexpensive biomass more efficiently than almost any other agricultural crop. Tobacco possesses potent oil biosynthesis machinery and can accumulate up to 40% of seed weight in oil. In this work, we explored two metabolic engineering approaches to enhance the oil(More)
Gene I of cauliflower mosaic virus (CaMV) encodes a protein that is required for virus movement. The CaMV movement protein (MP) was used in a yeast 2-hybrid system to screen an Arabidopsis cDNA library for cDNAs encoding MP-interacting (MPI) proteins. Three different clones were found encoding proteins (MPI1, -2 and -7) that interact with the N-terminal(More)
In view of a recent spread of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS), there is a high demand for production of a vaccine to prevent this disease. Recent studies indicate that SARS-coronavirus (CoV) spike protein (S protein) and its truncated fragments are considered the best candidates for generation of the recombinant vaccine. Toward the development of a(More)
We report here the in planta production of the recombinant vaccinia virus B5 antigenic domain (pB5), an attractive component of a subunit vaccine against smallpox. The antigenic domain was expressed by using efficient transient and constitutive plant expression systems and tested by various immunization routes in two animal models. Whereas oral(More)
Polypeptide variants of the HA1 antigenic domain of the H5N1 avian influenza virus hemagglutinin (HA) molecule were produced in plants using transient and stable expression systems and fused with His/c-myc tags or with mouse or human Fc antibody fragments. The resulting peptides were purified and used for intramuscular immunization of mice. While the(More)
Two Arabidopsis ecotypes are resistant to systemic infection by cauliflower mosaic virus (CaMV), a plant para-retrovirus. Arabidopsis ecotype Enkheim-2 (En-2) is highly resistant to CaMV infection while Bla-14 is more weakly resistant. CaMV resistance in En-2 can be largely attributed to the action of a single semidominant gene called cauliflower mosaic(More)
Dysfunction of the heterogeneous ribonucleoprotein TAR DNA binding protein 43 (TDP-43) is associated with neurodegeneration in diseases such as amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD). Here we examine the effects of a series of 4-aminoquinolines with affinity for TDP-43 upon caspase-7-induced cleavage of TDP-43 and(More)
Mass vaccination against anthrax with existing vaccines is costly and unsafe due to potential side effects. For post-infection treatment, passive immunotherapy measures are currently available, most based on anthrax protective antigen (PA)-specific therapeutic antibodies. Efficient against wild-type strains, these treatment(s) might fail to protect against(More)
Plants were regenerated from cotyledon and hypocotyl explants of watermelon (Citrullus vulgaris). The explants were cultured on a Murashige and Skoog's basal nutrient medium supplemented with auxin, cytokinin and auxin-cytokinin combinations. Green healthy nodular and compact callus was obtained in medium containing naphthalene acetic acid and(More)
The tumour-inducing T-DNA gene 4 (T-cyt gene) of the nopaline Ti plasmid pTiC58 was cloned and introduced into tobacco cells by leaf disc transformation using Agrobacterium plasmid vectors. Tobacco shoots exposed to elevated cytokinin levels were unable to develop roots and lacked apical dominance. Using exogenously applied phytohormone manipulations we(More)