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The insulin-sensitive glucose transporter GLUT4 is translocated to the plasma membrane in response to insulin and recycled back to the intracellular store(s) after removal of the hormone. We have used clonal 3T3-L1 fibroblasts and adipocyte-like cells stably expressing wild-type GLUT4 to characterize (a) the intracellular compartment where the bulk of GLUT4(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS The copper transporter ATP7B plays a central role in the elimination of excess copper by the liver into the bile, yet the site of its action remains controversial. The studies reported here examine the correspondence between the site of ATP7B action and distribution and the pathways of copper disposal by the liver. METHODS Microscopy and(More)
We have identified the initiation factor 4A (eIF4A) in a two-dimensional protein database of Drosophila wing imaginal discs. eIF4A, a member of the DEAD-box family of RNA helicases, forms the active eIF4F complex that in the presence of eIF4B and eIF4H unwinds the secondary structure of the 5'-UTR of mRNAs during translational initiation. Two-dimensional(More)
Cyclin-dependent kinases (Cdks) are a family of proline-directed Ser/Thr kinases known for their role in the control of cell cycle progression. In 1992, this family was joined by Cdk5, which is an atypical member in that it uses its own activators and is multifunctional, playing important regulatory roles in multiple cellular functions. Here, we review the(More)
The mechanisms by which the insulin-sensitive glucose transporter, GLUT4, is targeted and retained in a storage compartment near to the Golgi complex are poorly understood. Here we report that removal of the carboxyl-terminal acidic Pro(505)AspGluAsnAsp(509) sequence prevents the storage of GLUT4 in the VAMP-2 positive compartment adjacent to the Golgi(More)
In this study we have used the yeast two-hybrid system to identify proteins that interact with the carboxyl-cytoplasmic domain (residues 464-509) of the insulin-sensitive glucose transporter GLUT4 (C-GLUT4). Using as bait C-GLUT4, we have isolated the carboxyl domain of Daxx (C-Daxx), the adaptor protein associated with the Fas and the type II TGF-beta(More)
The development of a large information system is generally regarded as one of the most complex activities undertaken by organizations and it is dependent on the communication and understanding among the actors of the system (i.e. managers, users, developers, etc.). The Validation phase of Requirements Engineering, involves checking the formal description of(More)
The trafficking of the insulin-sensitive glucose transporter, GLUT4, is the paradigm of how cells control the movement of membrane proteins through intricate pathways of transport in response to external stimuli, and how, by doing so, regulate their function. The GLUT4 intracellularly sequestered in resting adipocytes and muscle cells becomes exposed on(More)
The MusiNet research project aims to provide a comprehensive architecture and a prototype implementation of a complete Networked Music Performance (NMP) system. In this paper we describe the current status of the project, focusing on critical decisions regarding the system's architecture and specifications, the low delay audio and video coding techniques to(More)