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PURPOSE To study the possible relation between spontaneous recurrent seizures (SRS) and the derangement of cognitive memory. METHODS Status epilepticus (SE) was induced in adult Long-Evans rats by pilocarpine (320 mg/kg, i.p.) and interrupted after 2 h by clonazepam (CZPs mg/kg, i.p.). In addition to the animals that were given pilocarpine and CZP (group(More)
We performed a retrospective, multicenter, open-label study to evaluate the efficacy of vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) in all patients in the Czech Republic who have received this treatment for at least 5 years (n=90). The mean last follow-up was 6.6+/-1.1 years (79+/-13 months). The median number of seizures among all patients decreased from 41.2(More)
Dravet syndrome is a severe epilepsy syndrome characterized by infantile onset of therapy-resistant, fever-sensitive seizures followed by cognitive decline. Mutations in SCN1A explain about 75% of cases with Dravet syndrome; 90% of these mutations arise de novo. We studied a cohort of nine Dravet-syndrome-affected individuals without an SCN1A mutation(More)
A uniquely successful neurosurgical intervention in a four-month-old child suffering from status epilepticus (SE) caused by focal cortical dysplasia is reported. Seizures appeared at postnatal day 10 and culminated as medically intractable focal motor SE three months later. The first MRI scan at postnatal week 2 was inconclusive; electroclinical features(More)
The study provides a review of the basic examination procedures and results of proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H MRS) in patients suffering from mesial temporal lobe epilepsy (MTLE). The source of seizures in MTLE is most often an epileptogenic focus secondary to hippocampal sclerosis.1H MRS currently plays an important role in the non-invasive(More)
OBJECTIVE Localization of the epileptogenic zone (EZ) is challenging in children with tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC). We sought to ascertain whether brain MRI could identify the EZ in TSC patients independent of the clinical and diagnostic data. METHODS Presurgical MRI's of 34 children with TSC who underwent epilepsy surgery at Miami Children's Hospital(More)
Proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H MRS) is beneficial in the lateralization of the epileptogenic zone in temporal lobe epilepsy; however, its role in extratemporal and, especially, MRI-negative epilepsy has not been established. This study seeks to verify how 1H MRS could help in localizing the epileptogenic zone in patients with MRI-negative(More)
Cognitive functions of Long Evans (N=30) and Wistar rats (N=32) were compared using a Morris water maze. Under control conditions the Long Evans rats were more efficient in this test, their average escape latency after 5 days of training (6.4+/-0.1 s, mean+/-S.E.M.) was significantly shorter than that of the Wistar rats (11.0+/-0.1 s). When the training was(More)
Newborn rats were exposed to intermittent hypobaric hypoxia from birth until the age of 19 days. Spatial memory was tested in a Morris water maze from postnatal day (P) 23 to P32 and from P100 to P109. From P24 to P27 and on days P100 and P101, the escape latencies of hypoxic animals were longer than those of controls. At P24, the number of neuronal bodies(More)
The aim of the study was to investigate the potential association of epilepsy and EEG abnormalities with autistic regression and mental retardation. We examined a group of 77 autistic children (61 boys, 16 girls) with an average age of 9.1 ± 5.3 years. Clinical interview, neurological examination focused on the evaluation of epilepsy, IQ testing, and(More)