V. Kh. Khavinson

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The authors develop a new concept most fully reflecting the evolutional and biological role of peptides in the organism. Wide spectrum of peptide effects realized through regulation of the expression of certain genes is aimed at the maintenance of homeostasis, inhibition of the genetic aging program realization, and lifespan prolongation.
We studied the retinoprotective effect of Epithalon administered to the offspring of Campbell rats during postnatal ontogeny and to mothers before mating and during pregnancy. After this treatment the morphological structure and functional activity of the retina were preserved for a longer period compared to control rats (by 2 times) and to the animals(More)
Expression levels of genes encoding specific transcription factors and other functionally important proteins vary upon aging of pancreatic and bronchial epithelium cell cultures. The peptides KEDW and AEDL tissue-specifically affect gene expression in pancreatic and bronchial cell cultures, respectively. It is established in this work that the DNA(More)
Peptides Glu-Asp-Arg and Lys-Glu-Asp stimulate serotonin expression in aging cultures of brain cortex cells. Peptide regulation of 5-tryptophan hydroxylase gene encoding the enzyme involved in serotonin synthesis was demonstrated by the molecular docking method. The CCTGCC nucleotide sequence in 5-tryptophan hydroxylase gene was found to be complementary to(More)
Judging from fluorescence modulation (quenching), short peptides (Ala-Glu-Asp-Gly, Glu-Asp-Arg, Ala-Glu-Asp-Leu, Lys-Glu-Asp-Gly, Ala-Glu-Asp-Arg, and Lys-Glu-Asp-Trp) bind with FITC-labeled wheat histones H1, H2в, H3, and H4. This results from the interaction of the peptides with the N-terminal histone regions that contain respective and seemingly(More)
Expression of differentiation markers was found to be reduced during ageing of pancreatic cells. Tetrapeptide pancragen stimulates the expression of differentiation factors of acinar (Pdx1, Ptfl a) and islet of Langerhans (Pdx1, Pax6, Pax4, Foxa2, NKx2.2) cells in “young” and “aged” cultures. Differentiation of acinar and islet pancreatic cells induced by(More)
Analysis of the main parameters of molecular mechanics (number of hydrogen bonds, hydrophobic and electrostatic interactions, DNA-peptide complex minimization energy) provided the data to validate the previously proposed qualitative models of peptide–DNA interactions and to evaluate their quantitative characteristics. Based on these estimations, a(More)
Tripeptide Lys-Glu-Asp stimulates proliferation and inhibits apoptosis in organotypic cultures of neuroimmunoendocrine system cells. Lys-Glu-Asp accelerates cell renewal processes (decrease of apoptosis marker p53 and increase of proliferation marker Ki-67) in the pineal gland; this effect is more pronounced in cultures derived from old animals than in(More)
Geroprotective peptide T-34 regulates the expression of mRNA for various genes. The development of gastric ulcer is associated with morphological and molecular changes resulting from modulation of the synthesis of antioxidant and anti-inflammatory proteins. Peptide T-34 normalizes the synthesis of these proteins by regulating the expression of the(More)
The purpose of this research was to study age-related changes in functioning of pineal and pancreatic glands of non-human primates, rhesus monkeys, and to elucidate the possibility of their corrections with the help of epitalon, a synthetic analogue of the pharmacopoeia drug epithalamin. In old (20-27 years) animals, the basal plasma levels of glucose and(More)