V. Kh. Khavinson

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The authors develop a new concept most fully reflecting the evolutional and biological role of peptides in the organism. Wide spectrum of peptide effects realized through regulation of the expression of certain genes is aimed at the maintenance of homeostasis, inhibition of the genetic aging program realization, and lifespan prolongation.
Expression levels of genes encoding specific transcription factors and other functionally important proteins vary upon aging of pancreatic and bronchial epithelium cell cultures. The peptides KEDW and AEDL tissue-specifically affect gene expression in pancreatic and bronchial cell cultures, respectively. It is established in this work that the DNA(More)
The effects of polypeptide complex from the kidney and short peptides AED, EDL, and AEDG on renal functions were studied in rats with cisplatin-induced acute renal failure. AED peptide decreased protein excretion and electrolyte concentration in the urine. Polypeptide complex from the kidney and peptides EDL and AEDG normalized diuresis, creatinine(More)
We studied the effect of polypeptide complex isolated from calf kidney and short peptides T-31 (AED) and T-35 (EDL) on the expression of signaling molecules, markers of cell renewal (Ki-67, p53), remodeling of the extracellular matrix (MMP-14), and immune response (IL-8) in primary kidney cell cultures during aging. The complex of renal polypeptides and(More)
Peptides Glu-Asp-Arg and Lys-Glu-Asp stimulate serotonin expression in aging cultures of brain cortex cells. Peptide regulation of 5-tryptophan hydroxylase gene encoding the enzyme involved in serotonin synthesis was demonstrated by the molecular docking method. The CCTGCC nucleotide sequence in 5-tryptophan hydroxylase gene was found to be complementary to(More)
Judging from fluorescence modulation (quenching), short peptides (Ala-Glu-Asp-Gly, Glu-Asp-Arg, Ala-Glu-Asp-Leu, Lys-Glu-Asp-Gly, Ala-Glu-Asp-Arg, and Lys-Glu-Asp-Trp) bind with FITC-labeled wheat histones H1, H2в, H3, and H4. This results from the interaction of the peptides with the N-terminal histone regions that contain respective and seemingly(More)
Expression of differentiation markers was found to be reduced during ageing of pancreatic cells. Tetrapeptide pancragen stimulates the expression of differentiation factors of acinar (Pdx1, Ptfl a) and islet of Langerhans (Pdx1, Pax6, Pax4, Foxa2, NKx2.2) cells in “young” and “aged” cultures. Differentiation of acinar and islet pancreatic cells induced by(More)
Tripeptide Lys-Glu-Asp stimulates proliferation and inhibits apoptosis in organotypic cultures of neuroimmunoendocrine system cells. Lys-Glu-Asp accelerates cell renewal processes (decrease of apoptosis marker p53 and increase of proliferation marker Ki-67) in the pineal gland; this effect is more pronounced in cultures derived from old animals than in(More)
Geroprotective peptide T-34 regulates the expression of mRNA for various genes. The development of gastric ulcer is associated with morphological and molecular changes resulting from modulation of the synthesis of antioxidant and anti-inflammatory proteins. Peptide T-34 normalizes the synthesis of these proteins by regulating the expression of the(More)
Analysis of the main parameters of molecular mechanics (number of hydrogen bonds, hydrophobic and electrostatic interactions, DNA-peptide complex minimization energy) provided the data to validate the previously proposed qualitative models of peptide–DNA interactions and to evaluate their quantitative characteristics. Based on these estimations, a(More)