V K Gudeman

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Although human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) type 1 infection is efficiently transmitted by sexual intercourse, some individuals whose sexual behavior places them at extremely high risk for infection have nevertheless remained HIV-1-seronegative. An investigation was undertaken to determine whether such individuals have circulating T helper cells that are(More)
The lack of success of subunit human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) vaccines to date suggests that multiple components or a complex virion structure may be required. We previously demonstrated retention of the major conformational epitopes of HIV-1 envelope following thermal treatment of virions. Moreover, antibody binding to some of these epitopes(More)
The lack of success of subunit human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) type 1 vaccines to date suggests that multiple components or a complex virion structure may be required. We hypothesized that the failure of current vaccine strategies to induce protective antibodies is linked to the inability of native envelope structures to readily elicit these types of(More)
Inactivation of viral particles is the basis for several vaccines currently in use. Initial attempts to use simian immunodeficiency virus to model a killed human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) vaccine were unsuccessful, and limited subsequent effort has been directed toward a systematic study of the requirements for a protective killed HIV-1 vaccine.(More)
The lack of clinical progression in some individuals despite prolonged human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) infection may result from infection with less-pathogenic viral strains. To address this question, we examined the HIV-1 envelope protein from a donor with a low viral burden, stable CD4(+) T-lymphocyte counts, and little evidence of CD8(+)(More)
Simultaneous measurements of phenotypically defined memory CD4+ cells and in vitro proliferation to three recall antigens (Ags; tetanus toxoid, influenza, and Candida albicans) were performed in 53 HIV-seropositive subjects and 39 HIV-seronegative controls. The results indicate that the low proliferative responses to recall Ags of those who were HIV(More)
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