V K Ganjam

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The 11 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (11 beta-HSD) enzymes convert corticosterone and cortisol to 11-dehydrocorticosterone and cortisone, and are thought to convey extrinsic specificity to the mineralocorticoid receptor by limiting access of the relatively more abundant glucocorticoids to it. Two different 11 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenases (11(More)
Estrogen receptor-alpha (ERalpha) has been identified in the male reproductive tract, but the role of estrogen in the male has not been well characterized. In vivo mutations in ERalpha genes have demonstrated the necessity for ERalpha-mediated action in male fertility. We asked whether both ERbeta messenger RNA and protein were present in the male(More)
The 11beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase types 1 and 2 enzymes (11beta-HSD1 and 11beta-HSD2), modulate glucocorticoid occupation of the mineralocorticoid and glucocorticoid receptors by interconverting corticosterone and cortisol to the inactive metabolites 11-dehydrocorticosterone and cortisone within the target cells. The NAD(+)-dependent 11-HSD 2 in the(More)
Mineralocorticoid receptor (MR) selectivity for aldosterone is thought to be exerted by enzymes which inactivate competing glucocorticoids before they bind the receptor. Two different 11 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenases (11 beta-HSD) have been described. 11 beta-HSD-1 is NADP(+)-dependent and has a Km in the micromolar range and bidirectional activity. 11(More)
Endometrial periglandular fibrosis (EPF) contributes to embryonic and fetal loss in mares. Equine EPF correlates inversely with conception and successful gestation. In the modified Kenney endometrial biopsy classification system, EPF categories I, IIA, IIB, and III correspond to minimal, mild, moderate, and severe fibrosis (+/-inflammation), respectively.(More)
Adult male hamsters were maintained under 14 hours of light per day and randomly assigned to groups that received daily afternoon melatonin (25 micrograms) or vehicle injections. Animals from both groups were killed following 4, 8, and 12 weeks of treatment. By 12 weeks, the melatonin-treated hamsters had significant reductions in the weights of the testes(More)
Chronic mineralocorticoid (MC) excess, whether due to elevated plasma aldosterone (ALDO) or deoxycorticosterone (DOC), is associated with a perivascular fibrosis of systemic and coronary arterioles. This remodeling of resistance vessels contributes to the appearance of hypertension. Chronic MC excess is also accompanied by cardiac myocyte necrosis,(More)
A surgical technique to cannulate the rete testis of the goat was utilized to examine the effects of rete testis fluid (RTF) deprivation on the enzymatic activity of epididymal 5 alpha-reductase. Kinetic techniques were used to determine whether the regional enzymatic effect of RTF deprivation is to decrease the apparent number of 5 alpha-reductase active(More)
A reliable isocratic high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) procedure has been developed for the separation and subsequent radiometric quantitation of delta 4-3-ketosteroid-5 alpha-oxidoreductase enzyme activity. The specificity of this HPLC procedure has been confirmed through the use of authentic androgen radioisotopes, linearity of detector(More)
The distribution of cells that stain positive for beta-endorphin and ACTH immunoreactivity was studied in the pars intermedia (PI) of the hypophysis in 3 healthy horses and 2 healthy ponies. Serial sections treated with commercial antibodies generated against beta-endorphin or ACTH were processed for immunocytochemical studies, using the avidin biotin(More)