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Extracellular matrix macromolecules are involved in many aspects of cell biology. The knowledge concerning the presence, the distribution and the role of these macromolecules in the central nervous system has not yet received sufficient attention. In the present work we studied by indirect immunohistochemical methods the localisation of five extracellular(More)
A monocyte cell factor (MCF) inhibited the incorporation of (3H)proline into collagen of rabbit articular chondrocytes in culture, without significant effect on non-collagen protein. In addition, MCF produced a new compartmental repartition of collagen between cell layer and medium. No MCF-induced shift was observed in the relative proportion of collagens(More)
Addition of ascorbic acid (25, 50 100 micrograms/ml) to cultures of rabbit articular chondrocytes did not change the total amount of proteoglycans produced. However, it induced an increased retention of these macromolecules in the pericellular fraction. The size of the proteoglycan subunits and the length of glycosaminoglycan chains, released in the medium,(More)
Cultured human synovial cells treated with an interleukin-1-like mononuclear cell factor incorporated more 35S in proteoglycans than control cultures, but the radioactivity distribution between medium and cell layer was not modified. Proteoglycans were synthesized essentially in monomeric form and the mononuclear cell factor increased the molecular weight(More)
A partially purified monocyte factor, with Interleukin-1 properties (MCF/IL-1), enhances the proteoglycan synthesis of human neonatal articular chondrocytes in culture, and changes the repartition of these macromolecules between medium and cell layer. The size of the proteoglycan monomers, the length of the glycosaminoglycan chains and the respective levels(More)
Treatment of cultured human synovial cells with a mononuclear cell factor (MCF) enhanced their ability to synthesize glycosaminoglycans (GAG), but GAG repartition between extracellular, pericellular and intracellular compartments was found to be the same as in control. Hyaluronic acid (HA) production, which represents 80-90% of all secreted GAG, was(More)
AIM One objective of Ophdiat, a telemedical network using digital non-mydriatic cameras in Ile-de-France, is to develop a comprehensive screening programme that provides access to annual fundus examinations to all diabetic patients. The aim of this study was to evaluate the benefits of this programme in a hospital setting. METHODS A retrospective analysis(More)
In rabbit articular chondrocytes, phorbol myristate acetate (PMA), 1,2-dioctanoyl-sn-glycerol (DG) and calcium ionophore (A23187), reduced the proteoglycan synthesis, in a dose-dependent manner. The combined treatment by PMA and A23187 resulted in an enhanced inhibition of proteoglycan production, indicating a synergistic effect. In presence of PMA or(More)
The effect of procyanidole oligomers (PCOs) on the morphology of cultured human skin fibroblasts (FB) and swine aorta smooth muscle cells (SMC) was studied. Exposure to PCOs induced dose-dependent changes in the size, shape and arrangement of cultured fibroblasts. Smooth muscle cells did not exhibit similar changes. These findings demonstrate that(More)
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