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The role of sexual transmission in the diffusion of HCV infection, was studied through the seroprevalence of anti-HCV antibodies in the heterosexual habitual partners of 83 anti-HCV positive subjects. The index cases were represented by 10 dialysed subjects, 31 patients with chronic liver disease and 42 healthy carriers. Seroprevalence of anti-HCV(More)
BACKGROUND The efficacy and tolerability of Peg-Interferon alpha-2a (Peg-IFNalpha-2a) versus Peg-Interferon alpha-2b (Peg-IFNalpha-2b) were compared in a patient cohort with hepatitis C virus (HCV)-related active chronic hepatitis, unresponsive to previous antiviral treatment with standard IFN (6 MU three times/week) plus ribavirin (10.6 mg/kg/day) for a(More)
AIM To investigate the serovirological prevalence and clinical features of hepatitis E virus (HEV) infection in end-stage renal failure patients and in the healthy population. METHODS HEV infection is a viral disease that can cause sporadic and epidemic hepatitis. Previous studies unexpectedly showed a high prevalence of HEV antibodies in immunosuppressed(More)
OBJECTIVES The purpose of this randomized open-label study was to assess the efficacy of treatment with pegylated interferon-alpha-2a versus pegylated interferon-alpha-2b, both plus ribavirin, in inducing early and sustained virological response (EVR and SVR) in chronic hepatitis C non-responders. PATIENTS AND METHODS A total of 108 patients with chronic(More)
To evaluate the agreement between QuantiFERON-TB Gold In-Tube test (QFT-GIT) and tuberculin skin test (TST) for the screening of latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) in recent immigrants to Italy, 279 subjects were submitted to concomitant TST and QFT-GIT. The agreement was analyzed using k statistics. A total of 72/279 (25.8%) individuals were TST(More)
BACKGROUND Malaria is one of the most important infectious diseases in the world. Although most cases are found distributed in the tropical regions of Africa, Asia, Central and South Americas, there is in Europe a significant increase in the number of imported cases in non-endemic countries, in particular due to the higher mobility in today's society. (More)
The aim was to confirm the influence of HLA Class II antigens on the progression of HCV infection and to assess the relationship between these antigens and histological damage, HCV viral load and HCV genotype. 143 patients were enrolled and divided into three groups. Group A included 34 anti-HCV positive, HCV-RNA negative patients with ALT persistently(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe the gynecologic history of women with inflammatory bowel disease. METHODS Questionnaires were sent to the 1000 women age 20-60 who had been hospitalized for inflammatory bowel disease at the Cleveland Clinic Foundation during 1989-1993. There were 692 responses, and those from 662 women who had undergone surgery for inflammatory(More)
OBJECTIVES To assess the prevalence of cryoglobulinemia in three groups of patients: HCV-positive/HIV-negative, HCV/HIV co-infected and HIV mono-infected. METHODS From September 2002 to December 2003, 58 patients with documented HCV infection, 70 subjects with HIV/HCV co-infection, and 48 subjects with HIV infection alone were enrolled. Serum samples were(More)
INTRODUCTION Infection with hepatitis C virus genotype 1b (HCV1b) is known to be a predictive factor of poor response to both interferon-alpha (IFN alpha) alone and IFN alpha plus ribavirin combination therapy.STUDY DESIGN, PATIENTS AND METHODS: This randomised study evaluated the efficacy and safety of daily IFN alpha administration versus the combination(More)