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Introduction. Epoxy-based thermosets are used in a large variety of structural composites for various applications including aerospace, automotive, and electronics among others. 1 These materials experience stresses through normal use, which can lead to cracking of the epoxy resin. 2 Microcracks are often contained deep within a structural component and are(More)
PURPOSE To understand and compare the optical, histological, and ecological differences among 4 vertebrate species that have had evolutionary attempts toward 4 eyes. METHODS An evolutionary attempt at 4 eyes in defined as the duplication or one or more structures integral to the refraction or interpretation of the visible spectrum for that animal. We(More)
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is associated with high mortality and the current therapy for advanced HCC, Sorafenib, offers limited survival benefits. Here we assessed whether combining the TLR3 agonist: lysine-stabilized polyinosinic-polycytidylic-acid (poly-ICLC) with Sorafenib could enhance tumor control in HCC. Combinatorial therapy with poly-ICLC and(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Enrollment into acute stroke clinical trials is limited to experienced tertiary centers with emergency research infrastructure. Feasibility of remote enrollment via telemedicine into an acute thrombolytic clinical trial has never been demonstrated. METHODS Using telemedicine, our hub stroke research center partnered with two spoke(More)
We construct a high gain high output power 1310 nm hybrid fiber amplifier, which can be use in telecommunication. It is a compact design combining a semiconductor optical amplifier (SOA) and a discrete Raman amplifier. It is hard to construct such amplifier by either using a SOA or a discrete Raman fiber amplifier with compact design. The amplifier is(More)
We introduce a new class of spin-on dopants composed of organic, dopant-containing polymers. These new dopants offer a hybrid between conventional inorganic spin-on dopants and a recently developed organic monolayer doping technique that affords unprecedented control and uniformity of doping profiles. We demonstrate the ability of polymer film doping to(More)
We demonstrate a 2 µm passive mode-locked fiber laser. A single-wall carbon nanotube (SWCNT) is used as saturable absorber. Thulium-doped fiber (TDF) is used as the gain medium. The output wavelength is grating stabilized to 1998.85 nm by a high reflective (HR) fiber Bragg grating (FBG) together with a two by two coupler. A 8.22 MHz fundamental(More)