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Ontogenesis of somatostatin (SRIF) neurons and receptors was studied in fetal hypothalamic cell cultures kept in serum-free medium, and compared to the in vivo developmental pattern. Initial rise in neuronal content of SRIF occurred later in vitro than in vivo. In vitro, K(+)-induced SRIF release was only present after synaptogenesis. SRIF binding sites(More)
The present study examined the effects of the impairment of corticostriatal and nigrostriatal dopaminergic transmission on the mean number and the topographical distribution of somatostatin-containing neurons in frontal sections of the rat rostral striatum. These neurons, visualized by an immunohistochemical method using a specific anti-somatostatin(28)(More)
Somatostatin (SRIF) actions in the brain and pituitary are mediated by specific receptors. Using radioiodinated ligands it has been possible to characterize the kinetics of specific binding sites in the brain and pituitary, and to determine their cellular localization by autoradiography. At the pituitary level, the inhibition of growth hormone, prolactin(More)
The effects of aging on phosphatidylcholine (PtdCho) biosynthesis were investigated in liver and brain subcellular fractions of the rat, by studying the activity and regulation of CTP phosphocholine cytidylyltransferase (CT), the rate limiting enzyme in PtdCho biosyntheses. With both tissues, CT activity was present in cytosolic and microsomal fractions,(More)
The growth inhibitory effect and the fate of prostaglandin A1 (10(-6) M) were followed in cultures of rat B104 neuroblastoma and C6 glioma cells. More than 40% and 85% of the drug were neither recognized by a prostaglandin A1 antiserum nor extracted from the acidified medium with ethyl acetate, after 6 h and 24 h-incubation, respectively. When the(More)
Rat B104 neuroblastoma and C6 glioma cells are able to metabolize prostaglandin A1 (PGA1). Four metabolites were isolated by high performance liquid chromatography. Their structure was elucidated by fast atom bombardment mass spectrometry and 1H nuclear magnetic resonance. It appears that these biotransformation products are two sets of stereoisomers: the(More)
AIMS The aim of this study was to characterize the pharmacodynamics and the pharmacokinetics of S 17092, a new orally active prolyl endopeptidase inhibitor following single and repeated administration in elderly healthy volunteers. METHODS This was a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled, single and multiple dose study in elderly healthy male and(More)
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