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The purpose of this study was to examine the pharmacokinetics of cocaine in two inbred mouse strains, C57BL/6 (B6) and DBA/2 (D2). Male and female mice were administered 30 mg kg(-1) cocaine IP and killed after 5, 15, 30, or 60 minutes postinjection. Brains were removed quickly and assayed for total brain cocaine concentration. Quantification of cocaine was(More)
We recently conducted a dose-response study of the effects of cocaine on several activity measures in the panel of BxD/Ty recombinant inbred mice. Animals were tested in an automated activity chamber over 2 days with i.p. saline on day 1 and i.p. cocaine on day 2, at one of four doses, 5, 15, 30 or 45 mg kg(-1). The monitor recorded total distance traveled,(More)
We recently conducted an experiment to investigate the possible cooperation between genetic makeup and differential housing on cocaine self-administration in male and female C57BL/6J and DBA/2J mice. Cocaine self-selection was measured in a two-choice test with one choice being cocaine-HCl solution of 40 mg% in tap water and the other choice being plain tap(More)
BACKGROUND In previous studies, genetic correlations were observed between hypnotic sensitivity to ethanol and high-affinity neurotensin receptor (NTS1) binding. Provisional quantitative trait loci (QTLs) were identified for these traits, and some of these QTLs were found on common chromosomal regions. In continued efforts to examine the relationship(More)
The effects of nicotine on secretion of the pituitary peptides beta-endorphin, alpha MSH, and ACTH were studied using the isolated perfused mouse brain (IPMB) and isolated superfused pituitaries of C3H mice. Nicotine (6.1 microM) stimulated secretion of beta-endorphin immunoreactivity from C3H IPMB approximately twofold. Secretion of alpha MSH(More)
Studies were conducted to determine whether genetic differences in behavioural effects of cocaine in C57BL/6 and DBA/2 mice might be mediated by strain differences in dopamine and serotonin transporters and dopamine D1 and D2 receptors in specific brain regions. Binding characteristics of [3H]CFT, a cocaine analogue, in the presence of either GBR12909, a(More)
We recently conducted a set of two experiments to investigate the possible co-operation between genetics and exposure to novelty on the putative locomotor inhibiting effects of low doses of cocaine in male and female C57BL/6 and DBA/2 mice. Experiment one examined the effects of three low doses of cocaine (0.1, 0.5, and 1.0 mg/kg) on locomotion,(More)
C57BL/6 and DBA/2 mice were used to examine genetic differences in locomotor activating effects of acute cocaine administration and to determine whether differences were mediated by dopaminergic systems. C57BL/6 mice were less activated than DBA/2 mice at 5 and 10 min after 10 and 15 mg/kg cocaine. HPLC analysis showed equivalent brain cocaine(More)
It has been postulated that increased dopamine (DA) activity in the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) exerts an inhibitory influence over DA release in the nucleus accumbens and, thus, also over locomotor activity. Experiments were designed to examine the role of mPFC DA and neurotensin (NT), a neuropeptide which interacts with DA, in spontaneous locomotor(More)