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We have measured plasma sterol composition in 14 subjects with sitosterolemia and xanthomatosis. In addition to elevated plasma phytosterol (campesterol 16 +/- 7 mg/dl and sitosterol 35 +/- 16 mg/dl) and normal to moderately high cholesterol levels (258 +/- 96 mg/dl), concentrations of 5 alpha-saturated stanols, cholestanol, 5 alpha-campestanol, and 5(More)
We measured the turnover and absorption of sitosterol and cholesterol, along with plasma sterol and lipoprotein concentrations, in one control and two subjects with sitosterolemia with xanthomatosis. All individuals consumed the same diet which contained approximately 500 mg/day of cholesterol and 250 mg/day of sitosterol. Sterol absorption was measured by(More)
Using plasma isotope-kinetic methods, we measured the absorption and turnover rates of cholesterol and sitosterol (24-ethylcholesterol) in two obligate heterozygotes (parents) and their homozygous daughter with sitosterolemia with xanthomatosis. Diets contained approximately 500 mg/day cholesterol and 100 mg/day sitosterol. In the homozygote, plasma(More)
Confluent monolayers of the human hepatoblastoma-derived cell line, Hep G2, were incubated in serum-free medium. Conditioned medium was ultracentrifugally separated into d less than 1.063 g/ml and d 1.063-1.20 g/ml fractions since very little VLDL was observed. The d less than 1.063 g/ml fraction was examined by electron microscopy; it contained particles(More)
Tissue sterol composition was determined in an 18-year-old male with sitosterolemia with xanthomatosis who died suddenly and whose coronary and aortic vessels showed extensive atherosclerosis and, for comparison, in an 18-year-old male with minimal atherosclerosis who died accidently. Sterols in the control tissues (plasma, erythrocytes, cardiac muscle,(More)