V G Riddle

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We present a model to account for several major observations on growth control of animal cells in culture. This model is tested by means of kinetic experiments which show that exponentially growing animal cells whose ability to synthesize total protein has been inhibited with cycloheximide (by up to 70%) grow at rates approximately proportional to their(More)
transformed line cannot a priori be generalized to all types of transformed lines. This is particularly important because of the increasing evidence that most human cancers are caused by chemicals (23). Yet most comparisons have used virally trans formed cells (e.g. , Refs. 26 and 37). Many previous studies have demonstrated differences be tween(More)
The synthesis of both cytoplasmic and nuclear proteins has been studied as quiescent, serum-deprived Swiss mouse 3T3 cells are stimulated to transit the cell cycle. In serum-arrested cells a 200,000 dalton cytoplasmic protein and a 51,000 dalton nuclear protein were found to be preferentially synthesized. In serum-stimulated cells the first major protein(More)
Major proteins synthesized by Swiss 3T3 cells at different stages of the cell cycle have been analyzed using double isotope labeling and one-dimensional SDS-polyacrylamide slab gels. The synthesis of actin was previously shown to be markedly enhanced a few hours after quiescent cells initiated growth following addition of serum. In contrast, the synthesis(More)
Both serum factors and protein synthesis are required for normal cell growth. Swiss 3T3 cells require the serum growth factors insulin and EGF (epidermal growth factor) during the initial part of the G1 period, until they pass a restriction point about 2 h before the initiation of DNA synthesis. Concentrations of cycloheximide that inhibit protein synthesis(More)
Rat hepatoma cells were fused with cells of an established mouse lymphoma line, with normal diploid mouse macrophages, lymphocytes and fibroblasts and with normal diploid rat macrophages and lymphocytes. The liver-specific enzyme tyrosine aminotransferase was produced by almost all the hybrid cells, but usually at a lower level than in the parental hepatoma(More)
Schmid et al. (Cancer Treat. Rep., 60: 23-27, 1976) reported rapid emergence of resistance of L1210 leukemia cells in mice to two schedules of six antimetabolites and much slower development of resistance to a third schedule. Such rapid development of resistance to six drugs presents a striking puzzle, and one whose solution gives some insights into the(More)
Moloney virus- and benzo(a)pyrene-transformed cells, like the mouse BALB/c 3T3 cell line from which they are derived, arrest with a G1 DNA content in serum-deficient medium. The arrested cells are stimulated to proliferate by readdition of serum. The stimulated Moloney virus-transformed cells show identical kinetics of entry into S phase and also synthesize(More)
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