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A mechanical seal is a type of seal used in rotating equipment, such as pumps and compressors. It consists of a mechanism that assists the connection of the rotating shaft to the housings of the equipments, preventing leakage or avoiding contamination. A common cause of failure of these devices is end face wear out, thus the use of a hard, smooth and wear(More)
The inscription of a Fibre Bragg Grating (FBG) in optical fibres allows them to be used as sensors, being capable of decoding small variations of strain; temperature; pressure; loading; bending; or even refractive index, by means of a shift in the reflected wavelength. Nevertheless, broadening their sensitivity and operation range would be desirable. This(More)
The hardness, heat conductivity and low friction coefficient of microcrystalline diamond make it a suitable candidate for tribological applications. However, its roughness and high deposition temperature pose significant obstacles to these applications. We have successfully grown nanocrystalline diamond on steel at 400 ° C by hot-filament chemical vapor(More)
The Hot Filament Chemical Vapour Deposition (HFCVD) method was employed to study hydrogen adsorption on multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) modified by nickel doping. Prior to the nickel doping, effective functionalisation of CNTs was achieved by treating them in HNO3/H2O2 medium. Samples were characterized using Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM),(More)
Although large focus has been placed into the deposition of nanocrystalline and ultra-nanocrystalline diamond films, most of this research uses microwave plasma assisted CVD systems. However, the growth conditions used in microwave systems cannot be directly used in hot-filament CVD systems. This paper, aims to enlarge the knowledge of the diamond film(More)
Tungsten carbide alloys possess a large number of applications, due to its high hardness, high resistance to heat and to wear, which makes it ideal to be used in wear parts of machinery or on surfaces liable to corrosion, abrasion or high temperatures. For practical applications, it is alloyed with cobalt (Co) or nickel (Ni) in order to improve its(More)
For a number of biomedical applications, including the development of phantoms for quality control of radiotherapy treatments and dose determination, it is important to study the radiation response of the used materials, in order to distinguish the relevant dose distribution modifications from the artifacts caused by the phantom material when subjected to(More)
Micro and nanosystems-based products will be an important contributor to the industrial and economic future, as a key value adding element for many sectors. The adoption of micro and nano manufacturing technologies making use of a variety of materials, components and knowledge based technologies will most probably provide functionality and intelligence to(More)
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