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BACKGROUND Little information exists about the involvement of attention in the control of gait rhythmicity. Variability of both stride time and stride length is closely related to the control of the rhythmic stepping mechanism. We sought 1) to determine whether backward counting while walking could provoke significant gait changes in mean values and(More)
BACKGROUND Executive dysfunction contributes to gait changes, but the precise mechanisms are still poorly understood. Dual-task-related gait changes depend in part on the capacity to appropriately allocate attention between tasks performed simultaneously and are mainly related to executive deficits. This study aimed to describe the impact of dysexecutive(More)
Dual-task related gait changes have been previously reported for healthy older adults, suggesting that gait control requires attention. Compared to balance control, the involvement of attention in the control of the rhythmic stepping mechanism, as reflected by stride time variability, is not well known. In particular, under dual-task, the relative(More)
Objective: to establish whether changes in a spoken verbal task performance while walking compared with being at rest could predict falls among older adults. Design: prospective cohort study of 12 months' duration. Setting: twenty-seven senior housing facilities. Participants: sample of 187 subjects aged 75–100 (mean age 84.8 ± 5.2). During enrollment,(More)
BACKGROUND Conflicting results have been reported regarding the relationship between stride time variability (STV) and walking speed. While some studies failed to establish any relationship, others reported either a linear or a non-linear relationship. We therefore sought to determine the extent to which decrease in self-selected walking speed influenced(More)
BACKGROUND Dual-task-based assessment tests failed to establish a dependable relationship between dual-task-related gait changes and the risk of falls in the elderly. OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to examine whether changes in gait while counting backward could be associated with the occurrence of a first fall among older adults. METHODS Walking(More)
Gait disorders are more prevalent in dementia than in normal aging and are related to the severity of cognitive decline. Dementia-related gait changes (DRGC) mainly include decrease in walking speed provoked by a decrease in stride length and an increase in support phase. More recently, dual-task related changes in gait were found in Alzheimer's disease(More)
BACKGROUND Changes in gait patterns due to a simultaneously performed cognitive task have been reported previously and associated with an increased falling risk among older adults. Little is known whether the type of cognitive task performed while walking is important concerning possible gait interference in older fall-prone individuals. OBJECTIVE To(More)
BACKGROUND Gait disorders caused by dementia have been associated with frontal lobe dysfunction. Dual-tasking is used to explore the involvement of cortical level in gait control. It has been shown that dual-task induced gait changes that could be related to (1) the efficiency of executive function, (2) the level of difficulty involved in the(More)