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as A(t) = ’>" o(t)e Wewhere Ao(t) is a ’baseline’ hazard function and ew’B represents the effect of covariates w on culling rate. A distribution can be attached to elements sq in 0, identifying, for example, genetic effects and leading to mixed survival models, also called ’frailty’ models. To estimate the parameters T of the distribution of frailty terms,(More)
Several functions were used to model the fixed part of the lactation curve and genetic parameters of milk test-day records to estimate using French Holstein data. Parametric curves (Legendre polynomials, Ali-Schaeffer curve, Wilmink curve), fixed classes curves (5-d classes), and regression splines were tested. The latter were appealing because they(More)
Application of test-day models for the genetic evaluation of dairy populations requires the solution of large mixed model equations. The size of the (co)variance matrices required with such models can be reduced through the use of its first eigenvectors. Here, the first two eigenvectors of (co)variance matrices estimated for dairy traits in first lactation(More)
The purposes of this study were 1) to investigate the heritability, reliability, and selection response for survival traits following a Weibull frailty proportional hazard model; and 2) to examine the relationship between genetic parameters from a Weibull model, a discrete proportional hazard model, and a binary data analysis using a linear model. Both(More)
Size of the reference population and reliability of phenotypes are crucial factors influencing the reliability of genomic predictions. It is therefore useful to combine closely related populations. Increased accuracies of genomic predictions depend on the number of individuals added to the reference population, the reliability of their phenotypes, and the(More)
The objectives of this study were to estimate the heritabilities for and genetic correlations among resistance to bacterial cold-water disease and growth traits in a population of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). Bacterial cold-water disease, a chronic disease of rainbow trout, is caused by Flavobacterium psychrophilum. This bacterium also causes acute(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate the imputation error and loss of reliability of direct genomic values (DGV) or genomically enhanced breeding values (GEBV) when using genotypes imputed from a 3,000-marker single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) panel to a 50,000-marker SNP panel. Data consisted of genotypes of 15,966 European Holstein bulls from(More)
Transposon mutagenesis of Mycobacterium smegmatis mc2155 enabled the isolation of a mutant strain (called LGM1) altered in the regulation of piperidine and pyrrolidine utilization. The complete nucleotide sequence of the gene inactivated in mutant LGM1 was determined from the wild-type strain. This gene (pipR) encoded a member of the GntR family of(More)
Variance components for egg production traits (No of eggs produced between 19 and 26, 26 and 38 and 26 and 54 wk of age), egg characteristics (average egg weight at 2 different ages and egg density) and body weight of hens at 40 wk of age were estimated in two strains of a breeding company by univariate and multivariate Restricted Maximum Likelihood (REML)(More)
Genetic parameters related to growth, carcass composition and egg production were estimated on three (two female and one male) commercial strains of turkey using the method of restricted maximum likelihood (R.EML). In order to account for the sexual dimorphism in turkeys, body weight (BW, measured at 12 and 16 weeks of age) was considered as a sex-limited(More)