V. Diane Garrett

Learn More
Lack of access to safe water and sanitation contributes to diarrhoea moribidity and mortality in developing countries. We evaluated the impact of household water treatment, latrines, shallow wells, and rainwater harvesting on diarrhoea incidence in rural Kenyan children. We compared diarrhoea rates in 960 children aged <5 years in 556 households in 12(More)
Several point-of-use water treatment interventions have shown the beneficial health effect of drinking water treated and stored in narrow-mouthed, spigoted plastic vessels designed to reduce chlorine decay and limit recontamination.1,2 However, more than 90% of the 43 000 households targeted by the Nyanza Healthy Water Project in western Kenya, Africa,(More)
This study examined the effect of minor daily stressors on the primary indices of Crohn's disease in 10 adult volunteers from a support group for individuals with inflammatory bowel disease. All subjects monitored the occurrence of daily stress concurrently with the signs and symptoms of their disease for 28 days. The results of the regression and(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare the frequency and etiology of diarrhea in children aged less than 2 years with known HIV status. METHODS This was a nested cohort study, whereby children were followed during monthly routine and unscheduled visits. The HIV status of children was determined with PCR. A stool culture was obtained from children with diarrhea. A subset of(More)
In February 2000, an outbreak of gastroenteritis occurred among employees of a car dealership in New York. The same meal was also supplied to 52 dealerships nationwide, and 13 states reported illness at dealerships where the banquet was served. A retrospective cohort study was conducted to identify risk factors associated with the illness. Stool samples(More)
An outbreak of Escherichia coli O157:H7 infection associated with the consumption of coleslaw in several units of a restaurant chain prompted a study to determine the fate of the pathogen in two commercial coleslaw preparations (pH 4.3 and 4.5) held at 4, 11, and 21 degrees C for 3 days. At an initial population of 5.3 log10 CFU/g of coleslaw, E. coli(More)
We investigated a multistate outbreak of Escherichia coli O157:H7 infections. Isolates from 13 case patients from California, Nevada, and Arizona were matched by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis subtyping. Five case patients (38%) were hospitalized, and 3 (23%) developed hemolytic uremic syndrome; none died. The median age was 12 years (range, 2-75 years),(More)
Dispersed community outbreaks of Shigella sonnei have occurred cyclically among traditionally observant Jews in the United States. In February 2000, we investigated a S. sonnei outbreak in one Jewish community in New York City. To determine risk factors for introduction of infection into households, we conducted a cohort study of households to compare risk(More)
  • 1