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A rapid and simple procedure is presented to obtain nearly pure populations of human neuron-like cells from the SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma cell line. Sequential exposure of SH-SY5Y cells to retinoic acid and brain-derived neurotrophic factor in serum-free medium yields homogeneous populations of cells with neuronal morphology, avoiding the presence of other(More)
Recent evidence suggests that glutamatergic and dopaminergic afferents must be activated to induce persistent long-term potentiation (LTP) in the hippocampus. Whereas extensive evidence supports the role of glutamate receptors in long-lasting synaptic plasticity and spatial learning and memory, there is less evidence regarding the role of dopamine receptors(More)
The glitazones or thiazolidinediones are ligands of the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARgamma). The glitazones are used in the treatment of diabetes, regulate adipogenesis, inflammation, cell proliferation, and induce apoptosis in several cancer cell types. High grade astrocytomas are rapidly growing tumors derived from astrocytes, for(More)
The experiments were designed to quantify pharmacologically the degree of participation of channels associated with the nicotinic cholinoceptor compared with voltage-sensitive channels during the evoked release of [3H]noradrenaline from prelabelled 3-7-day old cultured bovine adrenal chromaffin cells. To achieve this purpose we studied (a) the release of(More)
The role of group-I metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGlu1 and 5) in neurodegeneration is still controversial. While antagonists of these receptors are consistently neuroprotective, agonists have been found to either amplify or attenuate excitotoxic neuronal death. At least three variables affect responses to agonists: (i) the presence of the NR2C subunit(More)
Astrocytes play a critical role in brain homeostasis controlling the local environment in normal as well as in pathological conditions, such as during hypoxic/ischemic insult. Since astrocytes have recently been identified as a source for a wide variety of gliotransmitters that modulate synaptic activity, we investigated whether the hypoxia-induced(More)
Fas ligand (FasL)-receptor system plays an essential role in regulating cell death in the developing nervous system, and it has been implicated in neurodegenerative and inflammatory responses in the CNS. Lifeguard (LFG) is a protein highly expressed in the hippocampus and the cerebellum, and it shows a particularly interesting regulation by being(More)
Genetic or functional mitochondrial alterations can result in the initiation of cell death programs that are believed to contribute to cell death in diabetes, ageing and neurodegenerative disorders. Mitochondria are being considered the main link between cellular stress signals activated during acute and chronic nerve cell injury, and the execution of nerve(More)
1 In this study, we have used isolated brain mitochondria to investigate the effects of superoxide anions (O(2)(-)) on mitochondrial parameters related to apoptosis, such as swelling, potential, enzymatic activity, NAD(P)H, cytochrome c release, and caspase activity. 2 Addition of the reactive oxygen species (ROS) generator KO(2) produced brain(More)