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Xylanase production by Penicillium janthinellum using 10-100 mM of 2,2-dimethylsuccinate (DMS) buffer, in a range of pH 4.5-6.0 was studied. The enzyme activity was enhanced using oat xylan as the carbon source. Under these conditions a culture produced 1.14 mumol/min (11.4 U/mL or 84.4 U/mg) of beta-xylanase after 5 d of growth in a 10-mM buffer solution… (More)
It has been found that the pigment-I from Chromobacterium violaceum, 3-[1,2-dihydro5-(5-hydroxy-1H-indol-3-yl)-2-oxo-3H-pyrrol-3-yli diene] 1,3-dihydro-2H-indol-2-one, has trypanocide activity. The formylated derivatives, pigment-III, immobilized 100% of the Trypanosoma cruzi at a level of 46 microM after 48 h of interaction with a total growth inhibition… (More)
The biosynthetic pigment from Chromobacterium violaceum BB-78, 1,3-dihydro-2H-indol-2-one and its derivatives exhibit biological activities such as antimicrobial action, low hemolytic effects on red blood cells and in vitro trypanocide activity. A relatively high cytotoxicity on V-79 hamster fibroblast cells of the biosynthetic pigment was found, although… (More)
Semiconductor laser devices are readily available and practical radiation sources providing wavelength tenability and high monochromaticity. Low-intensity red and near-infrared lasers are considered safe for use in clinical applications. However, adverse effects can occur via free radical generation, and the biological effects of these lasers from unusually… (More)
Antimicrobial activity of hydroperoxides and cyclic peroxides has been studied. 2,4-Dihydroperoxy-2,4-dimethylpentane (1) and 2,5-dihydroperoxy-2,5-dimethylhexane (2) were active against microorganism, but 1 showed a large specially against C. albicans, M. luteus and B. subtilis with a MIC value of 31.5 mcg/ml.
In order to study the single-cell proteins and cellulase production, fungal degradation of alpha-cellulose was tested. Photochemical pretreatment of alpha-cellulose at lambda > 254 nm increases by over 100% the cellulase production by Chrysonilia sitophila (TFB strain). This is reflected in a larger production of soluble proteins in the filtrate with higher… (More)