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The receptive field of a visual neuron is classically defined as the region of space (or retina) where a visual stimulus evokes a change in its firing activity. At the cortical level, a challenging issue concerns the roles of feedforward, local recurrent, intracortical, and cortico-cortical feedback connectivity in receptive field properties. Intracellular(More)
1. We have studied the oscillatory activity of single neurons (91 recorded extracellularly and 76 intracellularly) in the primary visual cortex of cats and kittens to characterize its origins and its stimulus dependency. A new method for the detection of oscillations was developed in order to maximize the range of detectable frequencies in both types of(More)
The receptive field of a visual neurone is classically defined as the region of space (or retina) where a visual stimulus evokes a change in its firing activity. Intracellular recordings in cat area 17 show that the visually evoked synaptic integration field extends over a much larger area than that established on the basis of spike activity. Synaptic(More)
Rhythmic patterns in neuronal activity in response to moving stimuli were observed in 28% of cells recorded extracellularly or intracellularly in area 17 of 4-16 week old anaesthetized and paralysed kittens. In both recording modes, oscillation frequencies ranged between 7 and 71 Hz, and were confined for 88% of cells in the 7-20 Hz band of the spectrum. A(More)
In vitro intracellular studies have shown that norepinephrine modulates cellular excitability and synaptic transmission in the cortex. Based on these effects, norepinephrine has been proposed to enhance the signal-to-noise ratio and to improve functional selectivity by potentiating strong synaptic responses and reducing weak ones. Here we have studied the(More)
In contrast with previous knowledge based on extracellular recordings, the recent development of intracellular techniques in vivo (sharp electrode or 'blind patch') ideally allows experimenters to analyze and dissect the contribution of feedforward and lateral connectivity in the functional expression of a synaptic 'integration field'. We will present(More)
Two major constraints in connectivity decide the spatial extent of visual cortical receptive fields, both during development and adult functioning: 1) feedforward input, extrinsic to visual cortex, is organized in an orderly projection to form a point-to-point mapping of the retina onto the cortical mantle and constitutes the core of the minimal discharge(More)
– The receptive field of a visual neurone is classically defined as the region of space (or retina) where a visual stimulus evokes a change in its firing activity. Intracellular recordings in cat area 17 show that the visually evoked synaptic integration field extends over a much larger area than that established on the basis of spike activity. Synaptic(More)
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