This paper is based on a framework  for a formalization of measures of comparison of fuzzy objects. The purpose is to describe the behaviour of measures of comparison within a given family in order to facilitate the choice of a particular measure. It can be done owing to the discrimination power of a measure.
In analysing whether there is an editorial bias in favour of positive studies, researchers have made implicit assumptions that are implausible. In particular, to justify the conclusion that there is no bias because observed editorial acceptance rates do not favour positive studies, the assumption that the decision to submit an article is based solely on… (More)
The t-test is widely used when testing for independence against stochastic order in a 23 contingency table with two treatments and three ordered outcome levels. For this purpose, numerical scores are assigned to the outcome levels. It is well-known that each such t-test is somewhere most powerful, yet also biased. This paper goes further, by illustrating… (More)