Learn More
Administration of cysteamine (beta-mercaptoethylamine; 2-aminoethanethiol) to rats has been shown to decrease the levels of somatostatin-like immunoreactivity (SLI) in the gastrointestinal tract and pancreas but its mode of action is unclear. In the current study the effect of cysteamine on gastrointestinal and pancreatic SLI has been studied using two(More)
UNLABELLED Secretion of somatostatin-like immunoreactivity (SLI) from the isolated perfused rat stomach has been shown to be inhibited by substance P. The present study was initiated to examine the possibility that this action of substance P was mediated via release of histamine. Substance P (1 microM) reduced basal secretion of SLI in agreement with(More)
Cysteamine (beta-mercaptoethylamine HCl) administration to rats induces a hypergastrinemia and a reduction in gastric tissue somatostatin content. The possibility that this reduction may contribute to the elevated gastrin levels has been investigated in the isolated perfused rat stomach. Cysteamine (1 mM) rapidly increased immunoreactive gastrin release to(More)
The gastrointestinal tract contains immunoreactive enkephalins and beta-endorphin. The objective of the current study was to determine whether chronic treatment of rats with naltrexone altered the gastrointestinal tissue content of these opioid peptides. Opioid activity measured by radioreceptor assay was detectable throughout the gastrointestinal tract.(More)
Cysteamine (beta-mercaptoethylamine HCl) (1.0-40.0 mM) induced a concentration-dependent increase in tonic and phasic contractions of segments of guinea-pig ileum in vitro. Myenteric plexus-longitudinal muscle (MPLM) preparations also responded with an increase in tonic contractions but phasic contractions were either greatly reduced or absent, indicating(More)
Cysteamine-induced duodenal ulceration in rats is accompanied by increased circulating gastrin. Although cysteamine appears to exert a direct action on the gastrin cell some groups have provided evidence for an involvement of the autonomic nervous system. The current experiments were performed to determine whether beta-adrenergic or cholinergic (muscarinic)(More)
A number of studies have suggested that somatostatin-14 (SS-14) and somatostatin-28 (SS-28) exhibit a similar spectrum of biological activities but have different potencies. In the present study the effects of SS-14, SS-28, and somatostatin-25 on electrically induced contractions of the guinea pig ileum have been compared. All three peptides exhibited(More)
  • 1