V Bégay

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The fish pineal organ contains typical and, in some species, modified photoreceptor cells involved in the photoperiodic control of melatonin production. In the majority of species studied, the rhythm in melatonin production is driven by an intra-pineal circadian oscillator synchronized by the light:dark cycle. In the present study, it is shown that the(More)
The pineal organ of fish contains photoreceptor cells. In some species (e.g., pike) each photoreceptor is a cellular circadian system which contains a photoreceptive unit, the clock and an output unit. In others (e.g., trout) the clock is lacking. The main rhythmic output of the pineal photoreceptor is melatonin, an internal 'zeitgeber' of the organisms.(More)
Trout pineal cells maintained in primary culture produce melatonin in high amounts during night time and low amounts during daytime. The dark-induced increase in melatonin production was enhanced, in a dose-dependent manner, by elevating extracellular calcium concentration. Low external calcium concentration reduced nocturnal and diurnal melatonin(More)
Trout pineal cells were dissociated using a trypsin-DNase digestion technique. An enriched population of photoreceptor cells was selected from a Percoll gradient centrifugation. The ability of cultured photoreceptor cells (selected or not on a Percoll gradient) to produce melatonin rhythmically was investigated during seven 24 h light/dark cycles. During(More)
Trout pineal photoreceptor cells were dissociated by trypsin-DNase digestion and further purified by a Percoll gradient centrifugation. Total cells or purified photoreceptor cells were then embedded in a collagen gel, or layered on culture-treated polycarbonate membranes, or maintained in suspension, with RPMI 1640 medium or BGjb medium. It has been shown(More)
In the pike pineal, the rhythm of melatonin (MEL) secretion is driven by a population of cellular circadian oscillators, synchronized by the 24 h light/dark (LD) cycle. Because the pineal photoreceptor contains both the input and output pathways of the clock, this cell is likely to be a cellular circadian system by itself. To support this idea, we have(More)
Photoreceptor cells of the fish pineal transduce photoperiodic information into the rhythmic secretion of melatonin. The nocturnal rise in melatonin secretion has been associated with an increase in cyclic AMP (cAMP) production and with an entry of Ca2+ ions through L-type voltage-dependent channels. It is shown here that two inhibitors of calciproteins, W7(More)
Melatonin is an internal "Zeitgeber," involved in the timing and control of a number of rhythmic functions and behaviours. Its synthesising cells remain to be identified in the fish pineal. The last step in the melatonin biosynthetic pathway is catalysed by the enzyme hydroxyindole-O-methyltransferase. An affinity-purified antibody, directed against chicken(More)
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