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The lower airways of asymptomatic chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients can be colonized by bacteria, mainly Haemophilus influenza, Streptococcus pneumoniae, and Moraxella catarrhalis. However, the role of lower airway bacteria in stable and exacerbated COPD has not been well defined. To determine the importance of lower airway bacterial(More)
The development of a new tuberculosis vaccine is an urgent need due to the failure of the current vaccine, BCG, to protect against the respiratory form of the disease. MTBVAC is an attenuated Mycobacterium tuberculosis vaccine candidate genetically engineered to fulfil the Geneva consensus requirements to enter human clinical trials. We selected a M.(More)
Five hundred twenty processed respiratory specimens from 326 patients received for the diagnosis of tuberculosis or other mycobacterial infections were tested by means of the LCx Mycobacterium tuberculosis Assay from Abbott Laboratories, which uses ligase chain reaction technology for the direct detection of M. tuberculosis complex in respiratory specimens.(More)
Deranged intestinal motility, which occurs in cirrhosis, may facilitate the development of intestinal bacterial overgrowth (IBO), which can lead to bacterial translocation (BT). To assess the effect of cisapride on IBO and BT in cirrhosis, cirrhotic rats received cisapride or a placebo for 7 days, and measurements of jejunal bacterial content and BT studies(More)
We evaluated the T-SPOT.TB and Quantiferon-TB Gold In tube (QFN-G-IT) tests for diagnosing Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection. T-SPOT.TB was more sensitive than QFN-G-IT in diagnosing both active and latent infection. Both gamma interferon tests were unaffected by prior Mycobacterium bovis BCG vaccination. Among children who were not BCG vaccinated but(More)
A prospective study of 161 multiple trauma patients was carried out to determine the incidence, the causative agents, and the outcome of nosocomial respiratory tract infections in this highly selected population. Thirty-eight (23.6 percent) patients developed a nosocomial pneumonia (NP). In addition, there were four superinfections in three patients,(More)
 The aim of this study was to prospectively analyze the bacterial etiology of community-acquired pneumonia in adults in Spain. From May 1994 to February 1996, 392 episodes of CAP diagnosed in the emergency department of a 600-bed university hospital were studied. An etiological diagnosis based on noninvasive microbiological investigations was achieved in(More)
Fifty-eight consecutive patients with severe community-acquired pneumonia were studied prospectively during a three-year period. The group included 44 men and 14 women (mean age: 45.0 +/- 15.7 years). The cause of pneumonia was diagnosed in 35 (60.3 percent) cases, and the most common pathogens were Streptococcus pneumoniae (37.1 percent), Legionella(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVES Evaluation of a newly available rapid (15 min) immunochromatographic membrane test (ICT) to detect Streptococcus pneumoniae in urine samples, in order to assess its utility in the diagnosis of bacteremic and nonbacteremic pneumococcal pneumonia. DESIGN Retrospective study. SETTING We studied urine samples from 51 patients with(More)
OBJECTIVE The identification of biological markers in order to assess different aspects of COPD is an area of growing interest. The objective of this study was to investigate whether levels of procalcitonin (PCT), C-reactive protein (CRP), and neopterin in COPD patients could be useful in identifying the etiological origin of the exacerbation and assessing(More)