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Creation of a communication between the left and right atrium to decompress the left ventricle can be life-saving after corrective surgery in some patients with congenital heart disease and small left ventricle. After adaptation of the left ventricle, surgical closure of this anastomosis becomes mandatory. We report four patients (2.9 to 8.2 kg) where(More)
Two hundred adults who underwent surgery for congenital heart disease at our institution within a four year period were the basis for this report. Clinical data was obtained, i.e. demographic details, past medical history, physical findings, EKGs, echocardiograms, catheterization and angiography material as well as the New York Heart Association (NYHA)(More)
Open lung biopsy is performed in patients with congenital heart disease to determine the suitability for surgical correction. Controversy exists as to whether arterial density can be graded with certainty. We studied the influence on the grading (Heath-Edwards) of two morphometric techniques. Lung tissue from 14 controls and biopsy specimens from 80(More)
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