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OBJECTIVE To estimate individual and household economic impact of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in selected low- and middle-income countries (LMIC). BACKGROUND Empirical evidence on the microeconomic consequences of CVD in LMIC is scarce. METHODS AND FINDINGS We surveyed 1,657 recently hospitalized CVD patients (66% male; mean age 55.8 years) from(More)
BACKGROUND Cardio-metabolic diseases (CMDs) are a growing public health problem, but data on incidence, trends, and costs in developing countries is scarce. Comprehensive and standardised surveillance for non-communicable diseases was recommended at the United Nations High-level meeting in 2011. AIMS To develop a model surveillance system for CMDs and(More)
AIM To highlight the regional difference in the prevalence of diabetes mellitus (DM) and to explore determinants in variability in the Indian industrial population. METHODS A cross-sectional survey was carried out among the employees and their family members (10 930 individuals, mean age 39.6 years, 6764 male) of eleven medium-to-large industries from(More)
Diabetes has emerged as a major public health concern in developing nations. Health systems in most developing countries are yet to integrate effective prevention and control programs for diabetes into routine health care services. Given the inadequate human resources and underfunctioning health systems, we need novel and innovative approaches to combat(More)
Coronary heart diseases (CHD) have reached epidemic proportions among Indians. The recently concluded INTERHEART study emphasizes the role of behavioural and conventional risk factors in the prediction of CHD risk among Indians. These findings have implication for the health care providers and policy makers in the country due to the fact that all these(More)
INTRODUCTION Health research is one mechanism to improve population-level health and should generally match the health needs of populations. However, there have been limited data to assess the trends in national-level cardiovascular research output, even as cardiovascular disease [CVD] has become the leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. (More)
AIM To estimate the prevalence of, and assess factors associated with, diabetes and prediabetes in three South Asian cities. METHODS Using a multi-stage cluster random sample representative of each city, 16,288 subjects aged ≥20 years (Chennai: 6906, Delhi: 5365 and Karachi: 4017) were recruited to the Centre for cArdio-metabolic Risk Reduction in(More)
Heart failure (HF) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in high income countries. Shortage of population based HF studies from Low and Middle Income countries (LMIC) make global prevalence estimates difficult. In this editorial we discuss the possibility of generating HF data in LMICs by initiating HF surveillance systems integrated into the existing(More)
BACKGROUND In rural areas in China and India, the cardiovascular disease burden is high but economic and healthcare resources are limited. This study (the Simplified Cardiovascular Management Study [SimCard]) aims to develop and evaluate a simplified cardiovascular management program delivered by community health workers with the aid of a smartphone-based(More)