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Two Bacillus subtilis strains isolated from the fruiting body of a basidiomycete fungus Pholiota squarrosa exhibited a broad range of antibacterial activity, including those against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus INA 00761 (MRSA) and Leuconostoc mesenteroides VKPM B-4177 resistant to glycopeptide antibiotics, as well as antifungal activity. The(More)
A bacterial strain with a high level of antimicrobial activity was isolated from soil and identified as Bacillus megaterium. Production of antibiotics by nine strains of this species from the collection of the State Research Institute for Genetics and Selection of Industrial Microorganisms was investigated. In submerged cultures, nine out of ten B.(More)
It was shown the stimulating role of A-factor on soil prokaryotes growth. Soil sample culturing on agar medium, containing A-factor, resulted in the colony forming units (CFU) increasing in comparison with culturing on the medium without this regulator. Gram-negative bacteria were the reason of CFU increasing; previously the effect of A-factor on bacteria(More)
Bleomycetin, an antitumor antibiotic, was subjected to chemical modification by the C-end fragment i.e. the residue of 3-[(4-aminobutyl)amino]propylamine (spermidine++) with acylation, carbamoylation and reducing alkylation, which yielded its new semisynthetic derivatives. The use of physicochemical methods showed that the chemical modification involved the(More)
The fermentation medium for bleomycin biosynthesis was optimized with the help of a mathematical method for experiment modelling. With the use of the schemes of orthogonal latin squares the optimal concentrations of the sources of nitrogen, carbon and mineral salts were determined and the negative effect of cupric sulphate on the antibiotic biosynthesis was(More)
A method for isolation of cephamycins from culture fluids of actinomycetes was developed. It included the stage of effective purification of sulfocation exchange resin SDV-3 (H+) with water desorption. Further purificiation of the antibiotics was achieved with sorption on anion exchange resin and fractional precipitation. The method provided 95-96 per cent(More)
The culture of hepatoblastoma G2 (Hep G2) cells is proposed as an effective model for screening of microbial metabolites--inhibitors of sterol biosynthesis. This model can be applied at early stages of screening procedures and is quite effective for testing of crude extracts of producers' culture broth. The test is based on measurement inhibition of the(More)
Eight strains of actinomycetes isolated from soil samples were described as representatives of Actinomadura coeruleoviolacea sp.nov. The species was characterized by straight and sometimes branching short chains of spores, smooth spores, blue aerial mycellium and violet soluble pigment. All the strains showed antibacterial activity when cultivated in liquid(More)