V A Ratner

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A computer system was developed for simulation of population dynamics of interacting polygene patterns and mobile genetic elements (MGEs) under selection for a quantitative trait. The system is stochastic (Monte Carlo) and takes into account the main sources of random change in the patterns (recombinations, transpositions, excisions), genetic drift, and(More)
A computer simulation model of the population dynamics of a polygenic system and a pattern of mobile genetic elements (MGEs) under directional truncation selection for a quantitative trait was developed. Modifier MGEs were shown to be rapidly and adaptively fixed (or lost) together with the modified polygenes. Marker MGEs and independent MGE copies were(More)
This review is dedicated to the comparison of the facts obtained and the proposed hypotheses, to the critical analysis of the situation arisen, and to the estimation of key propositions of the concept developed. The main point is that mobile genetic elements (MGEs) participate directly in expression, variability, selection and evolution of different(More)
The MGEs of Drosophila and other objects contain open reading frames (ORFs) encoding transposition enzymes, and "motifs" similar to functional sites: promoters, enhancers, heat shock regulatory sites, those of reception of different stress external signals and hormones, recombination sites, etc. In other words, MGE play a role of "movable cassettes of(More)
A computer model of the populations dynamics of the patterns of polygenes, transposable elements (TEs), and origin identity labels (OILs) in the course of stabilizing selection for an additive quantitative trait (with the target value being 0.4 of the maximum) was analyzed. It was demonstrated that the final plateaus of the trait value and the frequencies(More)
Positive and negative selection on the total length of two fragments of an interrupted longitudinal wing vein in an isogenic line of Drosophila melanogaster was accompanied by changes in the genomic localization pattern of MGE 412. Strong truncation selection was conducted in the population of effective size Ne = 160 for 50 generations. Twenty-six out of 35(More)
Common features of the equations describing dynamics of the additive polygenic system under truncation selection are summarized. A combination of parameters playing the role of the effective selective pressure on the ith polygenic locus was revealed. The product of mean relative fitnesses of the individual polygenic loci, [formula: see text], was shown to(More)
In an isogenic line of Drosophila melanogaster carrying the Mendelian mutation radius incompletus, selection for the total length of two segments of the disrupted longitudinal wing vein was conducted. After gamma-irradiation at a dose of 13 Gy, positive and negative truncation selection became highly effective and was completed in 50 generations. The(More)
A comparative selection-genetic analysis of three heterogeneous lines of Drosophila melanogaster with an interrupted longitudinal wing vein was performed. In the control line, riC, and two selection lines, riSP and riSN, overall patterns of localization of six families mobile genetic elements (MGE) (MGE) (MDG1, MDG2, MDG3, MDG4, copia, and 297) were(More)
For five heterogeneous lines of Drosophila melanogaster (riC, riSN, riSP, riT113, and riT149), patterns of DNA restriction fragments, containing different mobile genetic elements (MGE), were obtained by means of Southern blot hybridization. Using densitometry of gel radioautographs, differences between patterns were estimated and distance matrices and(More)