V. A. Likhoshvai

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BACKGROUND AND AIMS The root apical meristem (RAM) is the plant stem cell niche which provides for the formation and continuous development of the root. Auxin is the main regulator of RAM functioning, and auxin maxima coincide with the sites of RAM initiation and maintenance. Auxin gradients are formed due to local auxin biosynthesis and polar auxin(More)
As an RNA virus, hepatitis C virus (HCV) is able to rapidly acquire drug resistance, and for this reason the design of effective anti-HCV drugs is a real challenge. The HCV subgenomic replicon-containing cells are widely used for experimental studies of the HCV genome replication mechanisms, for drug testing in vitro and in studies of HCV drug resistance.(More)
The life cycle of human immunodeficiency virus type-1 (HIV-1) makes possible the realization of regulatory strategies that can lead to complex dynamical behavior of the system. We analyze the strategy which is based on two feedback mechanisms, one mediating a positive regulation of the virus replication by Tat protein via the antitermination of the genomic(More)
Determination of the efficiency of the organism gene expression is a topical and important problem of modern biology. Microorganisms that parasitize on human and domestic animals are of special interest. In the study, bioinformatic analysis of genomes of 62 bacteria strains belonging to the Mycoplasma genus was carried out. It was demonstrated that the(More)
Due to a high toxicity of nitrite and its metabolites, it is of high interest to study mechanisms underlying the low NO2 level maintenance in the cell. During anaerobic growth of Escherichia coli the main nitrite-reducing enzymes are NrfA and NirB nitrite reductases. NrfA reductase is localized in the cell periplasm and uses NO2 as an electron acceptor to(More)
Any vital activities of the cell are based on the ribosomes, which not only provide the basic machinery for the synthesis of all proteins necessary for cell functioning during growth and division, but for biogenesis itself. From this point of view, ribosomes are self-replicating and autocatalytic structures. In current work we present an elementary model in(More)
The problem of coordinating genome replication with cell growth in bacteria was posed over four decades ago. Unlike for eukaryotes, this problem has not been completely solved even for Escherichia coli, which has been comprehensively studied by molecular biologists, to say nothing of other bacteria. Current models of the bacterial life cycle solve the(More)
Living systems have a complex hierarchical organization that can be viewed as a set of dynamically interacting subsystems. Thus, to simulate the internal nature and dynamics of the whole biological system we should use the iterative way for a model reconstruction, which is a consistent composition and combination of its elementary subsystems. In accordance(More)
Di-, tri-, tetra-, penta-, and polyarch structures of the root’s central cylinder are distinguished in plants. The type of symmetry reflects typical mutual position of bundles of phloem and xylem vascular tissues in a cross section of the root. Mechanisms of the development of different types of symmetry in the central cylinder structure remain(More)
A new theoretical approach to elaboration of an information-analytical integrated knowledge base containing data on regulation and function of biological systems is presented. The knowledge base incorporates: (i) a reference database containing experimental data on the structural-functional organization of a biological system; (ii) a dynamic mathematical(More)