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We investigated the influence of the amyloid-beta-peptide(1-42) on hemicholinum-3-sensitive high-affinity choline uptake in NG108-15 cells. RT-PCR analysis revealed the presence of mRNA for a choline transporter-like protein but not for cholinergic high-affinity choline transporter. Differentiation of cells increased both hemicholinum-3-sensitive choline(More)
High-density polyethylene (PE) foils were modified by an Ar(+) plasma discharge and subsequent grafting with biomolecules, namely glycine (Gly), polyethylene glycol (PEG), bovine serum albumin (BSA), colloidal carbon particles (C) or BSA and C (BSA + C). As revealed by atomic force microscopy (AFM), goniometry and Rutherford Backscattering Spectroscopy(More)
Ligands that bind to the allosteric-binding sites on muscarinic acetylcholine receptors alter the conformation of the classical-binding sites of these receptors and either diminish or increase their affinity for muscarinic agonists and classical antagonists. It is not known whether the resulting conformational change also affects the interaction between the(More)
Choline is an essential nutrient necessary for synthesis of membrane phospholipids, cell signalling molecules and acetylcholine. The aim of this study was to detect and characterize the choline transporter-like 1 (CTL1/SLC44A1) protein in CNS tissues and the hybrid neuroblastoma x glioma cell line NG108-15, which synthesizes acetylcholine and has high(More)
Depression is a complex disorder related to chronic inflammatory processes, chronic stress changes and a hippocampal response. There is a increasing knowledge about the role of glial cells in nutrient supply to neurons, maintenance of synaptic contacts and tissue homeostasis within the CNS. Glial cells, viewed in the past as passive elements with a limited(More)
11beta-Hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (11betaHSD) converts endogenous glucocorticoids to their biologically inactive 11-dehydro derivatives and is therefore able to determine, at least in part, the biological action of glucocorticoids. Type 1 11betaHSD has both oxidase and reductase activities interconverting corticosterone and 11-dehydrocorticosterone,(More)
BACKGROUND Nanofibrous scaffolds loaded with bioactive nanoparticles are promising materials for bone tissue engineering. METHODS In this study, composite nanofibrous membranes containing a copolymer of L-lactide and glycolide (PLGA) and diamond nanoparticles were fabricated by an electrospinning technique. PLGA was dissolved in a mixture of methylene(More)
Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) is a family of proteolytic enzymes involved in remodeling of extracellular matrix. Although proteolytic enzymes are produced by many cell types, mast cells seem to be more important than other types in remodeling of pulmonary arteries during hypoxia. Therefore, we tested in vitro production of MMPs and serine proteases in(More)
We have found earlier that the depolarization-induced release of acetylcholine from the brain could be inhibited by tacrine (tetrahydroaminoacridine) but the mechanism of this action of tacrine was not clarified (S. Tucek, V. Dolezal, J. Neurochem. 56 (1991) 1216). We have now investigated whether tacrine has an effect on the changes in the intracellular(More)
Nanocomposite Ti/hydrocarbon plasma polymer (Ti/ppCH) films were deposited by DC magnetron sputtering of titanium target in n-hexane, argon, or a mixture of these two gases. The resultant films were heterogeneous, with inorganic regions of nanometer scale distributed within a plasma polymer matrix. The titanium content was controlled by adjusting the(More)