Věra Bubeníková-Valešová

Learn More
Atypical antipsychotics have greatly enhanced the treatment of schizophrenia. The mechanisms underlying the effectiveness and adverse effects of these drugs are, to date, not sufficiently explained. This article summarises the hypothetical mechanisms of action of atypical antipsychotics with respect to the neurobiology of schizophrenia.When considering(More)
The research of the glutamatergic system in schizophrenia has advanced with the use of non-competitive antagonists of glutamate NMDA receptors (phencyclidine, ketamine, and dizocilpine), which change both human and animal behaviour and induce schizophrenia-like manifestations. Models based on both acute and chronic administration of these substances in(More)
BACKGROUND Auditory hallucinations are characteristic symptoms of schizophrenia with high clinical importance. It was repeatedly reported that low frequency (<or=1 Hz) repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) diminishes treatment-resistant auditory hallucinations. A neuroimaging study elucidating the effect of rTMS in auditory hallucinations has(More)
Methamphetamine is a commonly abused psychostimulant that causes addiction and is often abused by pregnant women. Acute or chronic administration of methamphetamine elevates the levels of the extracellular monoamine neurotransmitters, such as dopamine. The aim of the present study was to show whether prenatal exposure to methamphetamine (5mg/kg, entire(More)
The aims of the present study were to compare the effect of subchronic administration of MK-801 on performance in the active allothetic place avoidance (AAPA) task and in the working version of Morris water maze (MWM) in Long-Evans and Wistar rats. Animals were trained for four daily sessions either in the AAPA or in the working memory version of the MWM.(More)
The purpose of the present study was to investigate the opposite effect of the pre- and postsynaptic serotonin-1A (5-HT(1A)) receptors on the psychotic-like behavior induced by a non-competitive antagonist of the NMDA receptor, dizocilpine (MK-801). Male Wistar rats received two doses (0.025mg/kg and 1mg/kg) of 5-HT(1A) receptor agonist 8-OH-DPAT(More)
The manipulation of glutamate neurotransmission could represent a potential strategy for the pharmacotherapy of schizophrenic symptoms. Preclinical studies suggest that two subtypes of metabotropic glutamate (mGlu) receptors such as mGlu2/3 and mGlu5 receptors have the potential to ameliorate deficits in schizophrenia. In our study we evaluated the role of(More)
The aim of this study was to describe sex differences in the behavioural effects of N,N-diethyllysergamide (LSD) (locomotor activity and other behavioural repertoire in the open field) and its effects on sensorimotor gating in rats (prepulse inhibition (PPI) of the acoustic startle reaction). Three groups of animals were analysed: males, oestral and(More)
Augmentation therapy with serotonin-1A receptor (5-HT1A) partial agonists has been suggested to ameliorate psychotic symptoms in patients with schizophrenia. The objective of the present study was to examine the effect of repeated administration of tandospirone (0.05 and 5 mg/kg) on locomotor activity in a novel environment and on sensorimotor gating in(More)
BACKGROUND Methamphetamine (METH) abuse is a growing health problem worldwide, and METH use during pregnancy not only endangers the mother's health but also the developing fetus. To provide better insight into these risks, we performed the following experiments. METHOD First, we investigated how sex influences the pharmacokinetics of METH and amphetamine(More)