Věra Bubeníková-Valešová

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The aims of the present study were to compare the effect of subchronic administration of MK-801 on performance in the active allothetic place avoidance (AAPA) task and in the working version of Morris water maze (MWM) in Long-Evans and Wistar rats. Animals were trained for four daily sessions either in the AAPA or in the working memory version of the MWM.(More)
Atypical antipsychotics have greatly enhanced the treatment of schizophrenia. The mechanisms underlying the effectiveness and adverse effects of these drugs are, to date, not sufficiently explained. This article summarises the hypothetical mechanisms of action of atypical antipsychotics with respect to the neurobiology of schizophrenia.When considering(More)
The manipulation of glutamate neurotransmission could represent a potential strategy for the pharmacotherapy of schizophrenic symptoms. Preclinical studies suggest that two subtypes of metabotropic glutamate (mGlu) receptors such as mGlu2/3 and mGlu5 receptors have the potential to ameliorate deficits in schizophrenia. In our study we evaluated the role of(More)
The research of the glutamatergic system in schizophrenia has advanced with the use of non-competitive antagonists of glutamate NMDA receptors (phencyclidine, ketamine, and dizocilpine), which change both human and animal behaviour and induce schizophrenia-like manifestations. Models based on both acute and chronic administration of these substances in(More)
RATIONALE Mescaline is a nonselective serotonin receptor agonist. It has relatively delayed onset of action and prolonged duration. Mescaline attenuates various behavioral parameters in rats; however, no information is available about its pharmacokinetics in rats and its relation to the behavioral changes produced by the drug. OBJECTIVES The present study(More)
The purpose of the present study was to investigate the opposite effect of the pre- and postsynaptic serotonin-1A (5-HT(1A)) receptors on the psychotic-like behavior induced by a non-competitive antagonist of the NMDA receptor, dizocilpine (MK-801). Male Wistar rats received two doses (0.025mg/kg and 1mg/kg) of 5-HT(1A) receptor agonist 8-OH-DPAT(More)
Spatial working memory or short-term place memory is impaired in schizophrenia. The efficiency of antipsychotic drugs, particularly of typical antipsychotics, on cognitive deficit in schizophrenia remains disputable. Inhibition of serotonin (5-HT) 2A/2C receptors is important for cognitive improvement in schizophrenic patients treated with antipsychotics.(More)
BACKGROUND Theta cordance is a novel quantitative electroencephalography (QEEG) measure that correlates with cerebral perfusion. A series of clinical studies has demonstrated that the prefrontal theta cordance value decreases after 1 week of treatment in responders to antidepressants and that this effect precedes clinical improvement. Ketamine, a(More)
Neuroactive steroids modulate receptors for neurotransmitters in the brain and thus might be efficacious in the treatment of various diseases of the central nervous system such as schizophrenia. We have designed and synthetized a novel use-dependent NMDA receptor antagonist 3α5β-pregnanolone glutamate (3α5β-P-Glu). In this study, we evaluate procognitive(More)
OBJECTIVES To address the role of latent T. gondii infection in schizophrenia we studied the influence of latent toxoplasmosis on brain morphology. METHODS An optimized voxel-based morphometry of magnetic resonance imaging was analyzed by analysis of variance with diagnosis and seropositivity as factors in 44 schizophrenic patients (12 T. gondii positive)(More)